The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Altered mRNA metabolism in ribonuclease III-deficient strains of Escherichia coli.

The metabolism of mRNA from the lactose (lac) operon of Escherichia coli has been studied in ribonuclease (RNase) III-deficient strains (rnc-105). The induction lag for beta-galactosidase from the first gene was twice as long, and enzyme synthesis was reduced 10-fold in one such mutant compared with its isogenic rnc+ sister; in the original mutant strain AB301-105, synthesis of beta-galactosidase was not even detectable, although transduction analysis revealed the presence of a normal lac operon. This defect does not reflect a loss of all lac operon activity galactoside acetyltransferase from the last gene was synthesized even in strain AB301-105 but at a rate several times lower than normal. Hybridization analyses suggested that both the frequency of transcription initiation and the time to transcribe the entire operon are normal in rnc-105 strains. The long induction lag was caused by a longer translation time. This defect led to translational polarity with reduced amounts of distal mRNA to give a population of smaller-sized lac mRNA molecules. All these pleiotropic effects seem to result from RNase III deficiency, since it was possible to select revertants to rnc+ that grew and expressed the lac operon at normal rates. However, the rnc-105 isogenic strains (but not AB301-105) also changed very easily to give a more normal rate of beta-galactosidase synthesis without regaining RNase III activity or a faster growth rate. The basis for this reversion is not known; it may represent a "phenotypic suppression" rather than result from a stable genetic change. Such suppressor effects could account for earlier reports of a noninvolvement of RNase III in mRNA metabolism in deliberately selected lac+ rnc-105 strains. The ribosomes from rnc-105 strains were as competent as ribosomes from rnc+ strains to form translation initiation complexes in vitro. However, per mass, beta-galactosidase mRNA from AB301-105 was at least three times less competent to form initiation complexes than was A19 beta-galactosidase mRNA. RNase III may be important in the normal cell to prepare lac mRNA for translation initiation. A defect at this step could account for all the observed changes in lac expression. A potential target within a secondary structure at the start of the lac mRNA is considered. Expression of many operons may be affected by RNase III activity; gal and trp operon expressions were also abnormal in RNase III- strains.[1]


  1. Altered mRNA metabolism in ribonuclease III-deficient strains of Escherichia coli. Talkad, V., Achord, D., Kennell, D. J. Bacteriol. (1978) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities