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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Interleukin-4 enhances 15-lipoxygenase activity and incorporation of 15(S)-HETE into cellular phospholipids in cultured pulmonary epithelial cells.

15(S)-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15[S]-HETE) is a 15-lipoxygenase (15-LO) metabolite that may play an important role in different pulmonary diseases. 15-HETE is synthesized by different epithelial cells and may be subsequently incorporated into cellular phospholipids. We studied the role of interleukin-4 (IL-4) on 15-LO activity and on 15(S)-HETE incorporation into cellular phospholipids by WI-26 pulmonary epithelial cells. 15-LO activity was evaluated by measuring 15(S)-HETE production, through combined reverse-phase-high-pressure liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) separation and specific radioimmunoassay (RIA), after incubation with arachidonic acid (AA). We also studied 15-LO messenger RNA (mRNA) expression, using primed in situ (PRINS) labeling. IL-4 (10 ng/ml) markedly increased the percentage of 15-LO mRNA-bearing cells as well as 15-LO activity after 24, 48, and 72 h, with a maximal response at 48 h. Uptake and incorporation into cellular phospholipid was studied with [3H]15(S)-HETE, which showed that IL-4 was able to increase significantly 15(S)-HETE incorporation into WI-26 cells, with a maximal effect observed at 72 h. Cellular-lipid-associated [3H]15(S)-HETE, evaluated with RP-HPLC after base-catalyzed hydrolysis, increased concomitantly with disappearance of the radiolabel from the supernatant. Class separation of cellular lipids with normal-phase HPLC (NP-HPLC) showed that IL-4 increased [3H]15(S)- HETE incorporation mainly in the phosphatidylinositol (PI) fraction. The ability of IL-4 to promote 15-LO activity and incorporation into cellular phospholipids of human lung epithelial cells may be important in airway inflammation and in modulation of the potential autocrine function of 15(S)-HETE.[1]

References

  1. Interleukin-4 enhances 15-lipoxygenase activity and incorporation of 15(S)-HETE into cellular phospholipids in cultured pulmonary epithelial cells. Profita, M., Vignola, A.M., Sala, A., Mirabella, A., Siena, L., Pace, E., Folco, G., Bonsignore, G. Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. (1999) [Pubmed]
 
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