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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Increased prevalence of luteinizing hormone beta-subunit variant in Japanese infertility patients.

To determine the frequency of a common luteinizing hormone variant in a Japanese population and to evaluate its significance in infertility, serum samples were collected from 169 healthy non-pregnant Japanese women, 105 healthy adult Japanese men and 97 female Japanese infertility patients. The luteinizing hormone variant includes two point mutations in the beta-subunit gene (Trp8 to Arg8 and Ile15 to Thr15). DNA from blood cells was studied in 10 healthy women, 10 men and five patients using polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing. In immunoassays, results with a monoclonal antibody recognizing only the wild-type hormone and a polyclonal antibody recognizing the variant as well were compared as a ratio; ratios in heterozygotes and in individuals with only wild-type alleles ranged from 0.19 to 0.50 and from 0.56 to 1.21, respectively, and 0.50 was considered a 'cut-off' value for identifying individuals with the variant. For the larger subject groups, the frequency of the variant was 9.5% in normals. The mean ratio (0.80 +/- 0.35) in infertility patients was significantly lower (P < 0.01) than in healthy women (1.09 +/- 0.56), and the variant occurred more frequently in infertility patients (16.5%) than in healthy women (8.3%; P < 0.05). The variant was more frequent in patients with ovulatory disorders (43.8%) than other patients (16.0%; P < 0.05).[1]


  1. Increased prevalence of luteinizing hormone beta-subunit variant in Japanese infertility patients. Takahashi, K., Kurioka, H., Ozaki, T., Kanasaki, H., Kohsaka, M., Miyazaki, K., Karino, K. Hum. Reprod. (1998) [Pubmed]
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