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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Prostaglandins regulate the expression of fibroblast growth factor-2 in bone.

We examined the effect of PGs, particularly PGF2alpha, on basic fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein in the rat osteoblastic cell line Py1a and in fetal rat calvariae. Py1a cells expressed multiple FGF-2 mRNA transcripts. PGF2alpha dose-dependently increased the 6-kb transcript at 6 h. The selective PGF2alpha agonist, fluprostenol (Flup), was more potent than PGF2alpha. Phorbol myristate acetate (10(-6) M) also increased a 6-kb mRNA at 6 h. By immunofluorescence microscopy, Flup increased perinuclear staining for FGF-2 protein at 6 h and nuclear labeling at 24 h. Immunogold labeling of calvariae revealed that treatment with Flup for 3 h caused a transition of FGF expression from matrix to cells and an increase in cytoplasmic labeling for FGF-2 protein in periosteal cells and in osteoblasts. After treatment with Flup for 24 h, nuclear labeling was marked in periosteal cells and in osteoblasts, and a further increase in cytoplasmic labeling for FGF-2 was noted in osteocytes, periosteal cells, and osteoblasts. We conclude that PGs can increase FGF-2 mRNA and protein in bone cells. Because the effect of Flup was mimicked by phorbol myristate acetate, we hypothesize that PGs' regulation of FGF-2 is mediated by a PGF2alpha-selective receptor acting through protein kinase C. Hence, effects of PGs on bone remodeling may be mediated, in part, by endogenous FGF-2.[1]


  1. Prostaglandins regulate the expression of fibroblast growth factor-2 in bone. Sabbieti, M.G., Marchetti, L., Abreu, C., Montero, A., Hand, A.R., Raisz, L.G., Hurley, M.M. Endocrinology (1999) [Pubmed]
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