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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Elevated myocardial cytosolic calcium impairs insulin-like growth factor-1-stimulated protein synthesis in chronic renal failure.

Rats and humans with chronic renal failure (CRF) are reported to have resistance to recombinant human insulin-like growth factor-1 (rhIGF-1). Because basal cytosolic calcium ([Ca2+]i), a second messenger, may be increased in CRF, this study was conducted to examine whether elevated basal [Ca2+]i may cause resistance to IGF-1. Cardiomyocytes from four groups of rats were studied: untreated CRF, CRF with parathyroidectomy (PTX), CRF with the calcium channel blocker felodipine (F), and sham operation of the kidney (SO). CRF was created by ligation of two-thirds of the left renal artery and contralateral nephrectomy. Rats from each group were pair-fed the same diet for 20 to 22 d. Basal [Ca2+]i in cardiomyocytes (nM) in the CRF rats (102.0 +/- 2.8; SEM), was significantly higher than in each of the CRF-PTX, CRF-F, and SO groups (65.2 +/- 1.9, 63.8 +/- 2.6, and 63.5 +/- 2.0, respectively; P < 0.01). rhIGF-1 increased cardiomyocyte [Ca2+]i in all four groups of rats. The rise in [Ca2+]i was significantly diminished in the CRF rats (P < 0.05) and did not differ among the CRF-PTX, CRF-F, and SO rats. Protein synthesis after incubation with 0, 50, 100, 200, or 400 ng/ml rhIGF-1 was lower in cardiomyocytes from CRF rats than in each of the other three groups (P < 0.05) and was significantly less in the CRF-F rats compared with SO animals. IGF-1 receptor mRNA and IGF-1 receptor number and affinity were not different among the four groups. These findings suggest that cardiomyocytes from CRF rats display elevated basal [Ca2+]i and attenuated rhIGF-1-induced increase in [Ca2+]i; basal protein synthesis is decreased, and IGF-1-stimulated protein synthesis is impaired; elevated basal [Ca2+]i seems to contribute to this diminished response to rhIGF-1.[1]


  1. Elevated myocardial cytosolic calcium impairs insulin-like growth factor-1-stimulated protein synthesis in chronic renal failure. Qing, D.P., Ding, H., Vadgama, J., Wu, Y.Y., Kopple, J.D. J. Am. Soc. Nephrol. (1999) [Pubmed]
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