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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Coenzyme binding by triphosphopyridine nucleotide dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase from beef liver. Equilibrium and kinetics studies.

The binding of reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) to nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP) dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase from beef liver cytoplasm was studied by several equilibrium techniques (ultracentrifugation, molecular sieving, ultrafiltration, fluorescence). Two binding sites (per dimeric enzyme molecule) were found with slightly different dissociation constants (0.5 and 0.12 muM) and fluorescence yields (7.7 and 6.3). A ternary complex was formed between enzyme, isocitrate, and NADPH, in which NADPH dissociation constant was 5 muM. On the contrary, no binding of NADPH to the enzyme took place in the presence of magnesium isocitrate. Dialysis experiments showed the existence of 1 NADP binding site/dimer, with a dissociation constant of 26 muM. When NADPH was present with the enzyme in the proportion of 1 molecule/dimer, the dissociation constant of NADP was decreased fourfold, reaching a value quantitatively comparable to the Michaelis constant. The kinetics of coenzyme binding was followed using the stopped-flow technique with fluorescence detection. NADPH binding to the enzyme occurred through one fast reaction (k1 = 20 muM-1 s-1). Dissociation of NADPH took place upon NADP binding; however, equilibrium as well as kinetic data were incompatible with a simple competition scheme. Dissociation of NADPH from the enzyme upon magnesium isocitrate binding was preceded by the formation of a transitory ternary complex in which the fluorescence of NADPH was only about 30% of that in the enzyme-NADPH complex. Then interaction between the conenzymes and the involvement of ternary complexes in the catalytic mechanism are discussed in relation with what is known about the regulatory role of the coenzyme (Carlier, M. F., and Pantaloni, D. (1976), Biochemistry, 15, 1761-1766).[1]


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