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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Impaired antibacterial host defense in mice lacking the N-formylpeptide receptor.

N-formylpeptides derive from bacterial and mitochondrial proteins, and bind to specific receptors on mammalian phagocytes. Since binding induces chemotaxis and activation of phagocytes in vitro, it has been postulated that N-formylpeptide receptor signaling in vivo may be important in antimicrobial host defense, although direct proof has been lacking. Here we test this hypothesis in mice lacking the high affinity N-formylpeptide receptor (FPR), created by targeted gene disruption. FPR-/- mice developed normally, but had increased susceptibility to challenge with Listeria monocytogenes, as measured by increased mortality compared with wild-type littermates. FPR-/- mice also had increased bacterial load in spleen and liver 2 d after infection, which is before development of a specific cellular immune response, suggesting a defect in innate immunity. Consistent with this, neutrophil chemotaxis in vitro and neutrophil mobilization into peripheral blood in vivo in response to the prototype N-formylpeptide fMLF (formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine) were both absent in FPR-/- mice. These results indicate that FPR functions in antibacterial host defense in vivo.[1]


  1. Impaired antibacterial host defense in mice lacking the N-formylpeptide receptor. Gao, J.L., Lee, E.J., Murphy, P.M. J. Exp. Med. (1999) [Pubmed]
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