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Gene Review

grb2-a  -  SH2/SH3 adaptor Grb2

Xenopus laevis

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High impact information on Grb2

  • Significantly, all the insulin-induced tyrosine phosphorylation sites identified in rat IRS-1, including those responsible for binding to the Src homology domains of phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase, Syp and Grb2, are conserved in XIRS-L [1].
  • We have shown previously that either Grb2- or Shc-mediated signaling from the oncogenic Met receptor Tpr-Met is sufficient to trigger cell cycle progression in Xenopus oocytes [2].
  • On the other hand, the unique Grb2 SH2 domain and all N-terminal SH2 domains injected inhibited to various degrees the rate of insulin-induced GVBD, a tyrosine kinase dependent pathway [3].
  • Purified amino-terminal Src homology 2 (SH2) domains of GAP, PLCgamma1 and the p85alpha subunit of PI 3-kinase, as well as the carboxy-terminal SH2 domain of the latter protein and the unique SH2 domain of Grb2, were injected into full grown, stage VI Xenopus laevis oocytes [3].
  • Ras activation was inhibited by a Grb2 dominant negative form (P49L), by PI3K inhibitors, including wortmannin, LY294002, the N-SH2 domain of p85alpha PI3K and by the SH2 domain of Src [4].

Biological context of Grb2


Anatomical context of Grb2

  • In a previous report, we demonstrated that PLC gamma 1, Grb-2, SOS and Nck were associated with activated FGFR1s in a signaling complex in Xenopus blastulae [6].

Other interactions of Grb2

  • Altogether, these results suggest that Shc and Grb2-Sos are implicated in ras-dependent Xenopus oocyte maturation induced by insulin/IGF-1; they also indicate that inability of insulin/IGF-1 to activate the Ras-MAPK cascade in vitellogenic oocytes does not result from an insufficient expression level of Shc, Grb2 and Sos [5].


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