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Gene Review

argH  -  argininosuccinate lyase

Escherichia coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655

Synonyms: ECK3951, JW3932
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Disease relevance of argH


High impact information on argH

  • We had previously used human urine ex vivo to identify the unrecognized urovirulence genes guaA and argC and to establish that arginine and guanine (or derivatives) were limiting in this body fluid (T. A. Russo et al., Mol. Microbiol. 22:217-229, 1996) [5].
  • The transcription start point for argH mRNA was determined by primer extension analysis and found to be within the coding sequence of the upstream gene, identified as the phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase gene (ppc) [3].
  • Recombinant plasmids containing the argH gene generate a 56-kDa protein and a 43-kDa protein in E. coli maxicells [3].
  • The C. jejuni argH gene shows nucleotide homology to both yeast and human argininosuccinate lyase genes, and conserved amino acid domains are evident between the corresponding proteins [3].
  • We have therefore undertaken the nucleotide sequence analysis of the argB and argC genes and compared the derived amino acid sequences with the known sequences of analogous enzymes active in the proline and homoserine biosynthetic pathways and in glycolysis [6].

Chemical compound and disease context of argH

  • The Escherichia coli argB and argC gene products are functionally analogous to kinases and dehydrogenases of other pathways, which by their successive action also achieve the conversion of a carboxylate into an aldehyde function [6].
  • The promoter was identified by primer extension mapping of the argC transcription startpoint: a sequence overlapping it was found to be similar to the arginine operators of B. subtilis and to a smaller extent of E. coli [7].

Biological context of argH


Associations of argH with chemical compounds

  • Transformation of S. clavuligerus 328, an argC auxotroph deficient in clavulanic acid biosynthesis, with plasmid pULML30, carrying the cloned argC gene, restored both prototrophy and antibiotic production [4].


  1. Structure determination and refinement at 2.44 A resolution of argininosuccinate lyase from Escherichia coli. Bhaumik, P., Koski, M.K., Bergmann, U., Wierenga, R.K. Acta Crystallogr. D Biol. Crystallogr. (2004) [Pubmed]
  2. Cloning and expression in Escherichia coli of a Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) argCJB gene cluster. Hindle, Z., Callis, R., Dowden, S., Rudd, B.A., Baumberg, S. Microbiology (Reading, Engl.) (1994) [Pubmed]
  3. Cloning, characterization, and nucleotide sequence analysis of the argH gene from Campylobacter jejuni TGH9011 encoding argininosuccinate lyase. Hani, E.K., Chan, V.L. J. Bacteriol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  4. Characterization of the Streptomyces clavuligerus argC gene encoding N-acetylglutamyl-phosphate reductase: expression in Streptomyces lividans and effect on clavulanic acid production. Ludovice, M., Martin, J.F., Carrachas, P., Liras, P. J. Bacteriol. (1992) [Pubmed]
  5. Identification of genes in an extraintestinal isolate of Escherichia coli with increased expression after exposure to human urine. Russo, T.A., Carlino, U.B., Mong, A., Jodush, S.T. Infect. Immun. (1999) [Pubmed]
  6. Nucleotide sequence of Escherichia coli argB and argC genes: comparison of N-acetylglutamate kinase and N-acetylglutamate-gamma-semialdehyde dehydrogenase with homologous and analogous enzymes. Parsot, C., Boyen, A., Cohen, G.N., Glansdorff, N. Gene (1988) [Pubmed]
  7. The arginine operon of Bacillus stearothermophilus: characterization of the control region and its interaction with the heterologous B. subtilis arginine repressor. Savchenko, A., Charlier, D., Dion, M., Weigel, P., Hallet, J.N., Holtham, C., Baumberg, S., Glansdorff, N., Sakanyan, V. Mol. Gen. Genet. (1996) [Pubmed]
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