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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review


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Disease relevance of Myiasis

  • A case of mixed infection of Salmonella (type C2) and Parasarcophaga crassipalpis (an intestinal myiasis) in a two-year-old girl is reported [1].

High impact information on Myiasis

  • In this review, Brian Laurence discusses the recent rapid spread of blowflies into the americas; these conspicious green flies transport a variety of gastro-intestinal pathogens between their favoured environments of latrines and exposed food, and some species are important parasites of flesh wounds, causing cutaneous myiasis [2].
  • Evaluation of the prophylactic effect and curative efficacy of fipronil 1% pour on (Topline) on post-castration scrotal myiasis caused by Cochliomyia hominivorax in cattle [3].
  • The respiratory and non-respiratory manifestations of human pharyngeal myiasis caused by Oestrus ovis larvae in 33 patients from the Fars province, in southern Iran, are described here [4].
  • The cytochrome oxidase I (COI) gene of the most wide-spread Italian species of Oestridae larvae causing myiasis (Gasterophilus spp., Hypoderma bovis, Hypoderma lineatum, Oestrus ovis and Przhevalskiana silenus) was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using conserved primers [5].
  • Here we report the characterization of an integral peritrophic membrane glycoprotein, peritrophin-48, from the larvae of the fly Lucilia cuprina, a primary agent of cutaneous myiasis in sheep [6].

Chemical compound and disease context of Myiasis

  • The results of trials on eight farms to assess the efficacy of two pour-on formulations containing cyromazine for the prevention of cutaneous myiasis of sheep are presented; data from trials on sheep with larval implants and on sheep kept in cages with adult flies are also reported [7].
  • Cyromazine, a triazine insecticide, was used as a pour-on preparation to prevent blowfly myiasis in sheep kept in pairs of neighbouring farms in two locations [8].
  • In five susceptible sheep with extensive cutaneous myiasis, mean plasma levels of beta-EP, ACTH and cortisol were 307 +/- 71 pg ml-1, 953 +/- 58 pg ml-1 and 232 +/- 46 nmol l-1 respectively, compared with 818 +/- 89 pg ml-1, 641 +/- 41 pg ml-1 and 107 +/- 17 nmol l-1 in six unstruck sheep handled similarly [9].
  • We describe the clinical presentation of the first case, to our knowledge, of myiasis in an orbit with an exposed hydroxyapatite implant [10].
  • During a survey for myiasis in Riyadh Region, 3712 sheep were examined [11].

Gene context of Myiasis

  • The sclerocorneal surgical wound seems the most likely site of entrance of the parasite, and this would then be the first reported case of myiasis with no RPE tracking [12].


  1. A case report of intestinal myiasis. Nagakura, K., Isozaki, M., Shigeta, M., Shimamura, T., Tachibana, H., Kaneda, Y., Kano, R. Tokai J. Exp. Clin. Med. (1984) [Pubmed]
  2. Old world blowflies in the new world. Laurence, B.R. Parasitol. Today (Regul. Ed.) (1986) [Pubmed]
  3. Evaluation of the prophylactic effect and curative efficacy of fipronil 1% pour on (Topline) on post-castration scrotal myiasis caused by Cochliomyia hominivorax in cattle. Lima, W.S., Malacco, M.A., Bordin, E.L., Oliveira, E.L. Vet. Parasitol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  4. The respiratory and allergic manifestations of human myiasis caused by larvae of the sheep bot fly (Oestrus ovis): a report of 33 pharyngeal cases from southern Iran. Masoodi, M., Hosseini, K. Ann. Trop. Med. Parasitol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  5. Differentiation by polymerase chain reaction - restriction fragment length polymorphism of some Oestridae larvae causing myiasis. Otranto, D., Tarsitano, E., Giangaspero, A., Puccini, V. Vet. Parasitol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  6. cDNA and deduced amino acid sequences of a peritrophic membrane glycoprotein, 'peritrophin-48', from the larvae of Lucilia cuprina. Schorderet, S., Pearson, R.D., Vuocolo, T., Eisemann, C., Riding, G.A., Tellam, R.L. Insect Biochem. Mol. Biol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  7. Cyromazine pour-on for the prevention of cutaneous myiasis of sheep. Lonsdale, B., Tarry, D.W., Bowen, F.L., Stansfield, D.G. Vet. Rec. (1990) [Pubmed]
  8. Control of fly strike in sheep by means of a pour-on formulation of cyromazine. O'Brien, D.J., Fahey, G. Vet. Rec. (1991) [Pubmed]
  9. Effect of myiasis and acute restraint stress on plasma levels of immunoreactive beta-endorphin, adrenocorticotrophin (ACTH) and cortisol in the sheep. Shutt, D.A., Smith, A.I., Wallace, C.A., Connell, R., Fell, L.R. Aust. J. Biol. Sci. (1988) [Pubmed]
  10. Orbital myiasis in a patient with a chronically exposed hydroxyapatite implant. Devoto, M.H., Zaffaroni, M.C. Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery. (2004) [Pubmed]
  11. Myiasis in sheep farms in Riyadh Region, Saudi Arabia. Alahmed, A.M. Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology. (2004) [Pubmed]
  12. Pars plana vitrectomy for retinal detachment due to internal posterior ophthalmomyiasis after cataract extraction. Billi, B., Lesnoni, G., Audisio, P., Giuliano, M.A., Rossi, T., Costi, E., Stirpe, M. Graefes Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol. (1997) [Pubmed]
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