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MeSH Review

Pili, Sex

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Disease relevance of Pili, Sex


High impact information on Pili, Sex


Biological context of Pili, Sex


Gene context of Pili, Sex

  • Localization of TraC, a protein involved in assembly of the F conjugative pilus [9].
  • Trypsin digestion of pilin monomers from EDP208 conjugative pili causes cleavage of Lys12 to yield an N-terminal dodecapeptide, ET1 (Mr approximately equal to 1,500), and the remaining C-terminal fragment, ER (Mr approximately equal to 10,000) [10].
  • This hypothesis was supported by studies of the formation of sex pili, the only gene product identified that is controlled by the sex repressor of R1 [11].


  1. Conjugative pili of IncP plasmids, and the Ti plasmid T pilus are composed of cyclic subunits. Eisenbrandt, R., Kalkum, M., Lai, E.M., Lurz, R., Kado, C.I., Lanka, E. J. Biol. Chem. (1999) [Pubmed]
  2. Properties of R plasmid R772 and the corresponding pilus-specific phage PR772. Coetzee, J.N., Lecatsas, G., Coetzee, W.F., Hedges, R.W. J. Gen. Microbiol. (1979) [Pubmed]
  3. Increased distal gene transcription by the elongation factor RfaH, a specialized homologue of NusG. Bailey, M.J., Hughes, C., Koronakis, V. Mol. Microbiol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  4. A stable core region of the tra operon mRNA of plasmid R1-19. Koraimann, G., Högenauer, G. Nucleic Acids Res. (1989) [Pubmed]
  5. Transitory derepression and the maintenance of conjugative plasmids. Lundquist, P.D., Levin, B.R. Genetics (1986) [Pubmed]
  6. TraC of IncN plasmid pKM101 associates with membranes and extracellular high-molecular-weight structures in Escherichia coli. Schmidt-Eisenlohr, H., Domke, N., Baron, C. J. Bacteriol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  7. Processed VirB2 is the major subunit of the promiscuous pilus of Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Lai, E.M., Kado, C.I. J. Bacteriol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  8. Effect of chlorpromazine on conjugal plasmid transfer and sex pili. Mándi, Y., Molnár, J. Acta microbiologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae. (1981) [Pubmed]
  9. Localization of TraC, a protein involved in assembly of the F conjugative pilus. Schandel, K.A., Muller, M.M., Webster, R.E. J. Bacteriol. (1992) [Pubmed]
  10. Localization of the major antigenic determinant of EDP208 pili at the N-terminus of the pilus protein. Worobec, E.A., Taneja, A.K., Hodges, R.S., Paranchych, W. J. Bacteriol. (1983) [Pubmed]
  11. Amplification of sex repressor function of one fi-+ R-factor during anaerobic growth of Escherichia coli. Burman, L.G. J. Bacteriol. (1975) [Pubmed]
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