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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Synthesis, structure-activity relationships, and in vivo evaluations of substituted di-tert-butylphenols as a novel class of potent, selective, and orally active cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors. 2. 1,3,4- and 1,2,4-thiadiazole series.

Two isoforms of the cyclooxygenase ( COX) enzyme have been identified: COX-1, which is expressed constitutively, and COX-2, which is induced in inflammation. Recently, it has been shown that selective COX-2 inhibitors have antiinflammatory activity and lack the GI side effects typically associated with NSAIDs. Initial mass screening and subsequent SAR studies have identified 6b (PD164387) as a potent, selective, and orally active COX-2 inhibitor. It had IC50 values of 0.14 and 100 microM against recombinant human COX-2 and purified ovine COX-1, respectively. It inhibited COX-2 activity in the J774A.1 cell line with an IC50 of 0.18 microM and inhibited COX-1 activity in platelets with an IC50 of 3.1 microM. The choline salt of compound 6b was also orally active in vivo with an ED40 of 7. 1 mg/kg in the carrageenan footpad edema (CFE) assay. In vivo studies in rats at a dose of 100 mg/kg showed that this compound inhibited gastric prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production in gastric mucosa by 77% but caused minimal GI damage. SAR studies of this chemical series revealed that the potency and selectivity are very sensitive to minor structural changes.[1]

References

  1. Synthesis, structure-activity relationships, and in vivo evaluations of substituted di-tert-butylphenols as a novel class of potent, selective, and orally active cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors. 2. 1,3,4- and 1,2,4-thiadiazole series. Song, Y., Connor, D.T., Sercel, A.D., Sorenson, R.J., Doubleday, R., Unangst, P.C., Roth, B.D., Beylin, V.G., Gilbertsen, R.B., Chan, K., Schrier, D.J., Guglietta, A., Bornemeier, D.A., Dyer, R.D. J. Med. Chem. (1999) [Pubmed]
 
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