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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Histomorphometric study of bone reactions during orthodontic tooth movement in rats.

The biological response to orthodontic tooth movement has generally focused on reactions within the periodontal ligament (PDL), whereas less attention has been paid to the behavior of neighboring bone. The purpose of the study was to describe the influence of orthodontic force on bone surrounding the displaced tooth and the adjacent, untreated teeth. Bone changes in relation to treatment time and different sites were investigated. A mesial tipping of the left maxillary first molar was obtained from 54 adult male Wistar rats. Oxytetracycline was injected subcutaneously 48 h before killing, which took place after 4, 7, or 14 days. The maxilla was fixed in paraformaldehyde and embedded undecalcified in methylmethacrylate. A set of thick horizontal sections was taken from the cervical, intermediate, and apical levels of the roots. The sections were microradiographed and analyzed microscopically under bright-field and fluorescent illumination. Bone fraction and PDL width was measured using a Zeiss Videoplan device equipped with an overlay system. New bone formation was detected by oxytetracycline labels. The analysis showed a consistent, significant decrease of the alveolar bone fraction around both displaced and adjacent teeth at all treatment times. Apposition, indicated by the tetracycline uptake, was found on the periosteal side of the treated hemimaxilla and, after 14 days, also on the surface toward which the tooth was moving and around the adjacent teeth. These results suggest that a time rather than a space relationship exists between bone resorption and formation and that the whole hemimaxilla reacts to the mechanical challenge, resembling the regional acceleratory phenomenon (RAP) observed in other circumstances.[1]


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