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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Nifedipine does not impede clenbuterol-stimulated muscle hypertrophy.

The mechanism(s) responsible for beta2-adrenergic receptor-mediated skeletal muscle and cardiac hypertrophy remains undefined. This study examined whether calcium influx through L-type calcium channels contributed to the development of cardiac and skeletal muscle (plantaris; gastrocnemius; soleus) hypertrophy during an 8-day treatment with the beta2-adrenergic receptor agonist clenbuterol. Concurrent blockade of L-type calcium channels with nifedipine did not reverse the hypertrophic action of clenbuterol. Moreover, nifedipine treatment alone resulted in both cardiac and soleus muscle hypertrophy (6% and 7%, respectively), and this effect was additive to the clenbuterol-mediated hypertrophy in the heart and soleus muscles. The hypertrophic effects of nifedipine were not associated with increases in total beta-adrenergic receptor density, nor did nifedipine reverse clenbuterol-mediated beta-adrenergic receptor downregulation in either the left ventricle or soleus muscle. Both nifedipine and clenbuterol-induced hypertrophy increased total protein content of the soleus and left ventricle, with no change in protein concentration. In conclusion, our results support the hypothesis that beta2-adrenergic receptor agonist-induced muscle hypertrophy is mediated by mechanisms other than calcium influx through L-type calcium channels.[1]


  1. Nifedipine does not impede clenbuterol-stimulated muscle hypertrophy. Murphy, R.J., Béliveau, L., Gardiner, P.F., Calderone, A. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. (1999) [Pubmed]
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