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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Time course of endothelin-1 and adrenomedullin after the Fontan procedure.

BACKGROUND: The endothelium-derived vasoconstrictor endothelin (ET)-1 might contribute to the physiology of blood flow regulation and play a role in cardiovascular disease. Adrenomedullin (AM) is a potent vasodilator peptide that has major effects on cardiovascular function and has multiple biologic effects involved in cardiovascular homeostasis. Although pulmonary vascular resistance is known to be one of the most important factors to determine the indications for a Fontan procedure, the time course of the plasma cytokine before and after the Fontan procedure is not known. METHODS: Sixteen patients were divided into two groups, 8 patients (1 to 14 years) who had the Fontan procedure (atriopulmonary connection) and 8 age-matched controls who had biventricular repair with normal central venous pressure. Plasma ET-1 and adrenomedullin levels were measured in both groups immediately before cardiopulmonary bypass, immediately after cardiopulmonary bypass, and 6 and 24 hours after cardiopulmonary bypass. A thermodilution catheter was inserted during the operation, and mean pulmonary arterial pressure, pulmonary wedge pressure, and cardiac output were measured, and pulmonary vascular resistance was calculated at the same time points. Correlation between the plasma ET-1 levels and pulmonary vascular resistance data were obtained in the Fontan group. RESULTS: Plasma ET-1 levels in the Fontan group were elevated after operation and were higher than the control group at 6 and 24 hours after cardiopulmonary bypass. Plasma adrenomedullin in the Fontan group was lower than in the control group at 6 and 24 hours after cardiopulmonary bypass. A significant positive correlation was obtained between the plasma ET-1 and pulmonary vascular resistance data (r = 0.475). CONCLUSIONS: Imbalance between increased ET-1 and relatively decreased adrenomedullin after cardiopulmonary bypass in the Fontan procedure could contribute to dominant effects of ET-1, which might induce vasoconstriction after the Fontan procedure. ET-1 might play an important role in maintaining vasoconstriction after the Fontan procedure.[1]


  1. Time course of endothelin-1 and adrenomedullin after the Fontan procedure. Hiramatsu, T., Imai, Y., Takanashi, Y., Seo, K., Terada, M., Aoki, M., Nakazawa, M. Ann. Thorac. Surg. (1999) [Pubmed]
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