The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Monoglucosylation of RhoA at threonine 37 blocks cytosol-membrane cycling.

The small GTPases Rho, Rac, and Cdc42 are monoglucosylated at effector domain amino acid threonine 37/35 by Clostridium difficile toxins A and B. Glucosylation renders the Rho proteins inactive by inhibiting effector coupling. To understand the functional consequences, effects of glucosylation on subcellular distribution and cycling of Rho GTPases between cytosol and membranes were analyzed. In intact cells and in cell lysates, glucosylation leads to a translocation of the majority of RhoA GTPase to the membranes whereas a minor fraction is monomeric in the cytosol without being complexed with the guanine nucleotide dissociation inhibitor (GDI-1). Rho complexed with GDI-1 is not substrate for glucosylation, and modified Rho does not bind to GDI-1. However, a membranous factor inducing release of Rho from the GDI complex makes cytosolic Rho available as a substrate for glucosylation. The binding of glucosylated RhoA to the plasma membranes is saturable, competable with unmodified Rho-GTPgammaS guanosine 5'-O-(3-thiotriphosphate), and takes place at a membrane protein with a molecular mass of about 70 kDa. Membrane-bound glucosylated Rho is not extractable by GDI-1 as unmodified Rho is, leading to accumulation of modified Rho at membranous binding sites. Thus, in addition to effector coupling inhibition, glucosylation also inhibits Rho cycling between cytosol and membranes, a prerequisite for Rho activation.[1]


  1. Monoglucosylation of RhoA at threonine 37 blocks cytosol-membrane cycling. Genth, H., Aktories, K., Just, I. J. Biol. Chem. (1999) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities