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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ki-ras codon 12 point mutation and p53 mutation in pancreatic diseases.

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The Ki-ras gene located at 12p, encodes the GTP binding protein involving the signal transduction system and concerns cell proliferation and differentiation. METHODOLOGY: Pancreatic tissues were obtained from 37 patients with various pancreatic diseases. Ki-ras codon 12 point mutation and p53 (exon 5-8) mutation were examined in 3 patients with chronic pancreatitis, 9 mucinous adenoma of the pancreas (2 with mucinous cystadenoma and 7 with intraductal papillary-mucinous adenoma), 22 pancreatic ductal carcinoma, and 3 serous cystadenoma. RESULTS: On usual pancreatic exocrine ductal lesions, Ki-ras point mutation was evident in 0% (0/3) of chronic pancreatitis, in 56% (5/9) of mucinous adenoma, and in 57% (12/21) of ductal carcinoma, the mutation being located in the second letter in 18 and in the 1st letter in 2. One Ki-ras codon 12 positive pancreatic cancer showed Ki-ras codon 12 point mutation in the surrounding pancreas (2nd letter mutation in both areas). p53 mutation was present in 0% (0/1) of chronic pancreatitis, in 0% (0/8) of mucinous adenoma, while it was evident in 29% (6/21) of pancreatic ductal carcinoma, the mutation being situated in exon 5 in 3, in exon 6 in 1, and in exon 7 in 2. In 3 patients with serous cystadenoma, there was no mutation in Ki-ras codon 12 or p53 (exon 5-8). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that Ki-ras point mutation is involved in the early events of pancreatic ductal carcinoma, while p53 mutation is intricated in the late phase of pancreatic ductal carcinogenesis and the histogenesis of serous cystadenoma is different from that of pancreatic exocrine ductal lesions including mucinous adenoma and ductal carcinoma.[1]


  1. Ki-ras codon 12 point mutation and p53 mutation in pancreatic diseases. Yamaguchi, K., Chijiiwa, K., Noshiro, H., Torata, N., Kinoshita, M., Tanaka, M. Hepatogastroenterology (1999) [Pubmed]
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