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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Enhanced macrophage resistance to Pseudomonas exotoxin A is correlated with decreased expression of the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein.

Cellular intoxification by exotoxin A of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PEA) begins when PEA binds to its cellular receptor, the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein ( LRP). This receptor is particularly abundant on macrophages. We hypothesize here that inducible changes in cellular expression levels of the LRP represent an important mechanism by which macrophage susceptibility to PEA is regulated by the host. We have examined the effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on LRP expression and PEA sensitivity in the macrophage-like cell line HS-P. Using a [(3)H]leucine incorporation assay to measure inhibition of protein synthesis, we have demonstrated that HS-P macrophages are highly sensitive to PEA and that PEA toxicity is decreased by the LRP antagonist receptor-associated protein. LPS pretreatment decreases HS-P PEA sensitivity in a time- and dose-dependent manner. The dose of toxin required to inhibit protein synthesis by 50% increased from 11.3 +/- 1.2 ng/ml in untreated cells to 25.7 +/- 2.0 ng/ml in cells treated with LPS. In pulse experiments, involving brief exposure to saturating concentrations of PEA, [(3)H]leucine incorporation was more than threefold higher in cells pretreated with LPS than in untreated macrophages. These changes in HS-P PEA sensitivity following LPS treatment were consistently associated with a fivefold decrease in HS-P LRP mRNA expression as measured by Northern blot analysis and a three-and-a-half-fold decrease in HS-P LRP-specific ligand internalization as determined by activated alpha(2)-macroglobulin internalization studies. These data demonstrate for the first time that modulation of LRP levels by extracellular signaling molecules can alter cellular PEA sensitivity.[1]


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