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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Interspecies complementation in Saccharopolyspora erythraea : elucidation of the function of oleP1, oleG1 and oleG2 from the oleandomycin biosynthetic gene cluster of Streptomyces antibioticus and generation of new erythromycin derivatives.

Two glycosyltransferase genes, oleG1 and oleG2, and a putative isomerase gene, oleP1, have previously been identified in the oleandomycin biosynthetic gene cluster of Streptomyces antibioticus. In order to identify which of these two glycosyltransferases encodes the desosaminyltransferase and which the oleandrosyltransferase, interspecies complementation has been carried out, using two mutant strains of Saccharopolyspora erythraea, one strain carrying an internal deletion in the eryCIII (desosaminyltransferase) gene and the other an internal deletion in the eryBV (mycarosyltransferase) gene. Expression of the oleG1 gene in the eryCIII deletion mutant restored the production of erythromycin A (although at a low level), demonstrating that oleG1 encodes the desosaminyltransferase required for the biosynthesis of oleandomycin and indicating that, as in erythromycin biosynthesis, the neutral sugar is transferred before the aminosugar onto the macrocyclic ring. Significantly, when an intact oleG2 gene (presumed to encode the oleandrosyltransferase) was expressed in the eryBV deletion mutant, antibiotic activity was also restored and, in addition to erythromycin A, new bioactive compounds were produced with a good yield. The neutral sugar residue present in these compounds was identified as L-rhamnose attached at position C-3 of an erythronolide B or a 6-deoxyerythronolide B lactone ring, thus indicating a relaxed specificity of the oleandrosyltransferase, OleG2, for both the activated sugar and the macrolactone substrate. The oleP1 gene located immediately upstream of oleG1 was likewise introduced into an eryCII deletion mutant of Sac. erythraea, and production of erythromycin A was again restored, demonstrating that the function of OleP1 is identical to that of EryCII in the biosynthesis of dTDP-D-desosamine, which we have previously proposed to be a dTDP-4-keto-6-deoxy-D-glucose 3, 4-isomerase.[1]


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