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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Membrane-bound form of ADP-ribosyl cyclase in rat cortical astrocytes in culture.

ADP-ribosyl cyclase activities in cultured rat astrocytes were examined by using TLC for separation of enzymatic products. A relatively high rate of [3H]cyclic ADP-ribose production converted from [3H]NAD+ by ADP-ribosyl cyclase (2.015+/-0.554 nmol/min/mg of protein) was detected in the crude membrane fraction of astrocytes, which contained approximately 50% of the total cyclase activity in astrocytes. The formation rate of [3H]ADP-ribose from cyclic ADP-ribose by cyclic ADP-ribose hydrolase and/or from NAD+ by NAD glycohydrolase was low and enriched in the cytosolic fraction. Although NAD+ in the extracellular medium was metabolized to cyclic ADP-ribose by incubating cultures of intact astrocytes, the presence of Triton X-100 in the medium for permeabilizing cells increased cyclic ADP-ribose production three times as much. Isoproterenol and GTP increased [3H]cyclic ADP-ribose formation in crude membrane-associated cyclase activity. This isoproterenol-induced stimulation of membrane-associated ADP-ribosyl cyclase activity was confirmed by cyclic GDP-ribose formation fluorometrically. This stimulatory action was blocked by prior treatment of cells with cholera toxin but not with pertussis toxin. These results suggest that ADP-ribosyl cyclase in astrocytes has both extracellular and intracellular actions and that signals of beta-adrenergic stimulation are transduced to membrane-bound ADP-ribosyl cyclase via G proteins within cell surface membranes of astrocytes.[1]


  1. Membrane-bound form of ADP-ribosyl cyclase in rat cortical astrocytes in culture. Hotta, T., Asai, K., Fujita, K., Kato, T., Higashida, H. J. Neurochem. (2000) [Pubmed]
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