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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A mechanism of suppression of TGF-beta/SMAD signaling by NF-kappa B/RelA.

A number of pathogenic and proinflammatory stimuli, and the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) exert opposing activities in cellular and immune responses. Here we show that the RelA subunit of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB/RelA) is necessary for the inhibition of TGF-beta-induced phosphorylation, nuclear translocation, and DNA binding of SMAD signaling complexes by tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). The antagonism is mediated through up-regulation of Smad7 synthesis and induction of stable associations between ligand- activated TGF-beta receptors and inhibitory Smad7. Down-regulation of endogenous Smad7 by expression of antisense mRNA releases TGF-beta/SMAD- induced transcriptional responses from suppression by cytokine- activated NF-kappaB/RelA. Following stimulation with bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), or the proinflammatory cytokines TNF-alpha and interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta, NF-kappaB/RelA induces Smad7 synthesis through activation of Smad7 gene transcription. These results suggest a mechanism of suppression of TGF-beta/SMAD signaling by opposing stimuli mediated through the activation of inhibitory Smad7 by NF-kappaB/RelA.[1]


  1. A mechanism of suppression of TGF-beta/SMAD signaling by NF-kappa B/RelA. Bitzer, M., von Gersdorff, G., Liang, D., Dominguez-Rosales, A., Beg, A.A., Rojkind, M., Böttinger, E.P. Genes Dev. (2000) [Pubmed]
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