The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hair follicle apoptosis and Bcl-2.

Hair follicle (HF) morphogenesis and cycling are characterized by a tightly controlled balance of proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. The members of the bcl-2 family of proto-oncogenes are important key players in the apoptosis control machinery of most cell types. Bcl-2, an apoptosis inhibitor, and Bax, an apoptosis promoter, show tightly regulated, hair cycle-dependent expression patterns: during catagen, the distal ORS of the HF remains strongly positive for Bcl-2 and Bax; in contrast, the proximal epithelial part of the HF loses most Bcl-2 expression while it remains strongly positive for Bax. In Bcl-2 null mice, skin becomes markedly hypopigmented during the first postnatal anagen probably due to increased melanocyte apoptosis. Reportedly, these mice also show a retardation of the first anagen development after birth. Transgenic mice overexpressing Bcl-2 under the control of the keratin-1 promoter display multifocal epidermal hyperplasia and aberrant expression of keratin-6, while alterations of HF cycling have not been investigated. Surprisingly, Bcl-2 overexpression under the control of the keratin-14 promoter leads to accelerated catagen progression and increased chemotherapy-induced apoptosis, HF dystrophy and alopecia. Transgenic mice overexpressing Bcl-X(L), another anti-apoptotic bcl-2 family member, under the control of the K14 promoter, reportedly also display accelerated catagen development. These and other Bcl-2 transgenic and null mice are now available to further dissect the as yet unclear, and likely complex, role of Bcl-2 in HF growth and pigmentation.[1]


  1. Hair follicle apoptosis and Bcl-2. Müller-Röver, S., Rossiter, H., Lindner, G., Peters, E.M., Kupper, T.S., Paus, R. J. Investig. Dermatol. Symp. Proc. (1999) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities