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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

High-activity microsomal epoxide hydrolase genotypes and the risk of oral, pharynx, and larynx cancers.

Human microsomal epoxide hydrolase (mEH), encoded by the EPHX1 gene, is involved in the metabolism of tobacco carcinogens. We investigated the effect of exon 3 and 4 polymorphisms of the EPHX1 gene in 121 patients with cancers of the oral cavity/pharynx, 129 patients with cancer of the larynx, and 172 non-cancer controls, all Caucasian regular smokers. The potential modifying role of previously analyzed GSTM1, GSTM3, and GSTP1 genotypes was also examined. Compared with the putative low-activity genotypes, odds ratios (ORs) associated with predicted intermediate and high mEH activity genotypes were significantly increased for oropharyngeal cancers [OR = 1.8; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.0-3.3; and OR = 2.1; 95% CI = 1.0-4.5, respectively; P(trend) = 0.03] and laryngeal cancers (OR = 1.7; 95% CI = 1.0-3.1; and OR = 2.4; 95% CI = 1.1-5.1, respectively; P(trend) = 0.02). Moreover, a positive interaction was found between mEH activity and GSTM3 genotype for laryngeal cancer. The combined EPHX1 high activity- associated genotype and GSTM3 (AB or BB) genotype conferred a 13.1-fold risk (95% CI = 3.5-48.4) compared with the concurrent presence of the EPHX1 low activity- associated genotype and the GSTM3 AA genotype. Thus, EPHX1 polymorphisms may be one of the factors of importance in susceptibility to smoking-related cancers of the upper aerodigestive tract.[1]


  1. High-activity microsomal epoxide hydrolase genotypes and the risk of oral, pharynx, and larynx cancers. Jourenkova-Mironova, N., Mitrunen, K., Bouchardy, C., Dayer, P., Benhamou, S., Hirvonen, A. Cancer Res. (2000) [Pubmed]
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