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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression and regulation of melanocortin receptor-5 ( MC5-R) in the bovine adrenal cortex.

Among the five members of the melanocortin receptor (MC-R) family, MC2 and MC5 are expressed in peripheral tissues. The receptor MC2 (ACTH receptor) almost exclusively expressed in the adrenal cortex whereas MC5-R is expressed in several organs including the adrenal cortex. Both receptors bind ACTH and activate adenylate cyclase. The aim of this work was to study the spatial distribution of MC5-R among the different zones of the bovine adrenal cortex and to analyze the regulation of its expression by its own ligands, ACTH and alpha-MSH and by angiotensin II (AII). Using semi-quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis and RNase protection assay, MC5-R was detected only in the glomerulosa zone whereas MC2-R was present in both glomerulosa and fasciculata zones of adult adrenal cortex. Treatments by ACTH, alpha-MSH, or AII increased the MC5-R mRNA level in glomerulosa cells by factors 7, 5, and 4.5, respectively. However, although potentially regulated by hormones, MC5-R is expressed at a level at least 100 times less than MC2-R, suggesting that MC5-R expression might only be at trace levels in grown adults, but could be much higher during embryogenesis.[1]


  1. Expression and regulation of melanocortin receptor-5 (MC5-R) in the bovine adrenal cortex. Liakos, P., Chambaz, E.M., Feige, J.J., Defaye, G. Mol. Cell. Endocrinol. (2000) [Pubmed]
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