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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

TASK-3, a new member of the tandem pore K(+) channel family.

We have isolated from the rat cerebellum cDNA library a complementary DNA encoding a new member of the tandem pore K(+) channel family. Its amino acid sequence shares 54% identity with that of TASK-1, but less than 30% with those of TASK-2 and other tandem pore K(+) channels (TWIK, TREK, TRAAK). Therefore, the new clone was named TASK-3. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analysis showed that TASK-3 mRNA is expressed in many rat tissues including brain, kidney, liver, lung, colon, stomach, spleen, testis, and skeletal muscle, and at very low levels in the heart and small intestine. When expressed in COS-7 cells, TASK-3 exhibited a time-independent, noninactivating K(+)-selective current. Single-channel conductance was 27 pS at -60 mV and 17 pS at 60 mV in symmetrical 140 mM KCl. TASK-3 current was highly sensitive to changes in extracellular pH (pH(o)), a hallmark of the TASK family of K(+) channels. Thus, a change in pH(o) from 7.2 to 6.4 and 6.0 decreased TASK-3 current by 74 and 96%, respectively. Mutation of histidine at position 98 to aspartate abolished pH(o) sensitivity. TASK-3 was blocked by barium (57%, 3 mM), quinidine (37%, 100 microM), and lidocaine (62%, 1 mM). Thus, TASK-3 is a new member of the acid-sensing K(+) channel subfamily (TASK).[1]


  1. TASK-3, a new member of the tandem pore K(+) channel family. Kim, Y., Bang, H., Kim, D. J. Biol. Chem. (2000) [Pubmed]
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