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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Isolation and analysis of the 3'-untranslated regions of the human relaxin H1 and H2 genes.

The human has two relaxins, termed H1 and H2, both of which are biologically active and co-expressed in the decidua, placenta and prostate; in the corpus luteum, the main source of circulating relaxin, only the H2 form is expressed. The reasons for this differential expression of the relaxin genes are unknown. The possibility that their 3'-untranslated regions (UTRs) contribute to this differential expression by affecting their mRNA stabilities was investigated. Thus the 3'-UTRs of both relaxin genes were isolated through a combined 3'-rapid amplification of cDNA ends-PCR (RACE-PCR) using poly (A)(+)RNA from human decidua, placenta, prostate and corpus luteum. The sequences obtained for each 3'-UTR were identical in the tissues examined, were AT-rich (72%) and showed 91% homology between relaxin H1 and H2 when maximally aligned to include several gaps, the significance of which is unknown. Relaxin H1 has two, and relaxin H2 has one, poly (A)(+) signal, in addition to one cytoplasmic polyadenylation element 30 nucleotides upstream of this. The mRNA levels of relaxin H1 and H2 in the prostate adenocarcinoma LNCaP.FGC cell line were determined by quantitative competitive RT-PCR. Relaxin H1 had a 10-fold greater number of molecules (approximately 2.5x10(7)) per microgram of total RNA than relaxin H2 (approximately 2.5x10(6)). The stability of relaxin H1 and H2 mRNAs were compared in LNCaP cells treated with the transcription inhibitor actinomycin D (10 mM) for 0, 1, 2, 4, 8, 10, 14, or 24 h. Half-lives of 3.17 days for relaxin H1 mRNA and 11. 4 h for relaxin H2 mRNA were obtained from semi-logarithmic plots. Thus both mRNAs are relatively stable; however, relaxin H1 mRNA is considerably more stable than relaxin H2, at least in LNCaP cells. This difference in their mRNA stability may partly explain the greater level of expression of relaxin H1 in these cells.[1]


  1. Isolation and analysis of the 3'-untranslated regions of the human relaxin H1 and H2 genes. Garibay-Tupas, J.L., Bao, S., Kim, M.T., Tashima, L.S., Bryant-Greenwood, G.D. J. Mol. Endocrinol. (2000) [Pubmed]
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