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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Accuracy of dobutamine tetrofosmin myocardial perfusion imaging for the noninvasive diagnosis of transplant coronary artery stenosis.

BACKGROUND: Exercise stress myocardial perfusion scintigraphy has been used for the diagnosis of transplant coronary artery stenosis (TCAS) in cardiac allograft recipients. However, the role of pharmacologic stress myocardial perfusion imaging has not been evaluated. Aim of the study is to assess the accuracy of dobutamine stress 99m technetium tetrofosmin myocardial perfusion imaging for the diagnosis of TCAS in heart transplant recipients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 50 patients (age 56 +/- 8 year, 45 men) at a mean of 6.4 +/- 2.8 years after cardiac transplant with dobutamine (up to 40 ìg/kg/min) stress 99m technetium tetrofosmin SPECT. Resting images were acquired 24 hours after the stress study. Significant TCAS was defined as > or =50% luminal diameter stenosis by coronary angiography. RESULTS: Significant TCAS was detected in 30 patients (60%). Myocardial perfusion abnormalities (reversible and/or fixed defects) were detected in 27 of the 30 patients with and in 9 of the 20 patients without significant TCAS (sensitivity = 90%, CI 82-98, specificity = 55% CI 41-69, positive predictive value = 75%, CI 63-87, negative predictive value = 79%, CI 67-90 and accuracy = 76%, CI 64-88). Patients with multivessel TCAS had a larger stress perfusion defect score (5.6 +/- 3.1 vs 3.2 +/- 2.4, p < 0.05) compared to patients with single vessel TCAS. Among patients with abnormal perfusion who had no significant TCAS, 2 had lesions <50%, 2 had luminal irregularities and 5 had no abnormalities at angiography. Therefore specificity was 62% (8/13) in patients without any detectable angiographic abnormalities. CONCLUSIONS: Dobutamine stress tetrofosmin myocardial perfusion imaging is a highly sensitive method for the detection of TCAS in recipients of cardiac allografts. The high negative predictive value of the test indicates that patients who demonstrate normal perfusion by this method may be excluded from further invasive studies.[1]


  1. Accuracy of dobutamine tetrofosmin myocardial perfusion imaging for the noninvasive diagnosis of transplant coronary artery stenosis. Elhendy, A., Sozzi, F.B., van Domburg, R.T., Vantrimpont, P., Valkema, R., Krenning, E.P., Roelandt, J.R., Maat, L.P., Balk, A.H. J. Heart Lung Transplant. (2000) [Pubmed]
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