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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Interleukin-8 is increased in cerebrospinal fluid of children with severe head injury.

OBJECTIVE: To determine interleukin (IL)-8 concentrations in ventricular cerebrospinal fluid from children with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University children's hospital. PATIENTS: Twenty-seven children hospitalized with severe TBI (Glasgow Coma Scale score < or =8), seven children with cerebrospinal fluid culture-positive bacterial meningitis, and twenty-four age-equivalent controls. INTERVENTIONS: Placement of an intraventricular catheter and continuous drainage of cerebrospinal fluid. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Median [range] cerebrospinal fluid IL-8 concentration in children with TBI (0-12 hrs) (4,452.5 [0-20,000] pg/mL) was markedly greater than that in controls (14.5 [0-250]) (p < .0001) and equivalent to concentrations in children with meningitis (5,300 [1,510-22,000] pg/mL) (p = .33). Cerebrospinal fluid IL-8 remained increased in children with severe TBI for up to 108 hrs after injury. Univariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated an association between cerebrospinal fluid IL-8 and child abuse (p = .07) and mortality (p = .01). Multivariate analysis demonstrated a strong, independent association between cerebrospinal fluid IL-8 and mortality (p = .01). CONCLUSIONS: The data are consistent with an acute inflammatory component of TBI in children and suggest an association between cerebrospinal fluid IL-8 and outcome after TBI. IL-8 may represent a potential target for anti-inflammatory therapy.[1]


  1. Interleukin-8 is increased in cerebrospinal fluid of children with severe head injury. Whalen, M.J., Carlos, T.M., Kochanek, P.M., Wisniewski, S.R., Bell, M.J., Clark, R.S., DeKosky, S.T., Marion, D.W., Adelson, P.D. Crit. Care Med. (2000) [Pubmed]
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