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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

HOXA5 regulates expression of the progesterone receptor.

The majority of breast carcinomas show reduced or no expression of the transcription factor, HOXA5. Recently, we have shown that HOXA5 is a potent transactivator of p53 in breast cells and thus may affect the response of breast cancer cells to DNA damage. To determine whether HOXA5 played a role in growth and homeostasis in breast cells, we studied its interaction with the progesterone receptor. The progesterone receptor ( PR) belongs to the superfamily of nuclear receptors whose members co-ordinate morphogenesis of the mammary gland in response to binding to their cognate ligands. An increased expression of the endogenous PR gene was seen in MCF-7 cells following induced expression of an exogenously transfected HOXA5 gene. HOXA5, but not HOXB4, -B5, or -B7 activated the PR promoter in two breast cancer cell lines, MCF-7 and Hs578T. Deletion and mutation analysis of the promoter identified a single HOXA5- binding site required for transactivation of the PR gene by HOXA5. HOXA5 binds directly to this site in the PR promoter. Thus, HOXA5 may behave as a transcriptional regulator of multiple target genes, two among which are p53 and the progesterone receptor.[1]


  1. HOXA5 regulates expression of the progesterone receptor. Raman, V., Tamori, A., Vali, M., Zeller, K., Korz, D., Sukumar, S. J. Biol. Chem. (2000) [Pubmed]
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