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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Use of the vascular closure staple clip applier for microvascular anastomosis in free-flap surgery.

We report our initial experience using the vascular closure staple clip applier (a nonpenetrating titanium clip applied in an interrupted, everting fashion) for microvascular anastomosis in free-flap surgery. In total, 153 anastomoses were performed in 87 free flaps (174 potential anastomoses) using the vascular closure stapler between October of 1997 and June of 1999. In 66 flaps, both the arterial and venous anastomosis were performed with the clip applier, whereas in 21 flaps only the venous anastomosis was performed using the clips. A total of 146 anastomoses were performed in an end-to-end fashion, and seven were performed end-to-side. Of the 87 flaps there were 53 TRAM flaps, seven bilateral TRAM, five latissimus dorsi, four gastrocnemius, three rectus abdominis, two radial forearm fibula, and four Rubens fat-pad flaps. Seventy flaps were used for breast reconstruction, seven flaps for lower limb reconstruction, four flaps for head and neck reconstruction, and six flaps for chest wall/trunk reconstruction. There were no postoperative anastomotic complications of bleeding, thrombosis, or need for revision (100 percent patency rate), with a significantly reduced time for completion of anastomoses. The clip applier is a safe, reliable method for performing microvascular anastomoses, allowing reduced operating time and possible cost savings in free-flap surgery.[1]


  1. Use of the vascular closure staple clip applier for microvascular anastomosis in free-flap surgery. Cope, C., Lee, K., Stern, H., Pennington, D. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. (2000) [Pubmed]
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