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MeSH Review

Thoracic Wall

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Disease relevance of Thoracic Wall


Psychiatry related information on Thoracic Wall


High impact information on Thoracic Wall

  • Radiotherapy was given to the chest wall and locoregional lymph nodes between the fourth and fifth cycles of cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and fluorouracil [8].
  • Similarly, Black women were almost twice as likely as White women to have tumors that were larger than 5 cm or tumors that had extensions to the chest wall or skin at presentation [9].
  • Patients whose tumors stain for S100A4 and possess involved lymph nodes (P < 0.0001), which are fixed to the chest wall (P = 0.015) or which stain for c-erbB-2 (P = 0.050), show a significant reduction in survival times over those with only S100A4-staining tumors [10].
  • Two immunizations of L1 cells each followed by IL-2 administration were given prior to challenge with live L1 cells s.c. on the right chest wall [11].
  • Monophasic and single capacitor and dual capacitor biphasic truncated exponential shocks were tested in pentobarbital-anesthetized dogs with use of a nonthoracotomy internal defibrillation pathway consisting of a right ventricular catheter electrode and a subcutaneous chest wall patch electrode [12].

Chemical compound and disease context of Thoracic Wall


Biological context of Thoracic Wall

  • The physical stimuli associated with reduction of tidal volume (i.e., changes in lung inflation and chest wall movement) appeared to mediate the attenuated depressor response to the injection of lidocaine into the lateral rostral ventrolateral medulla [18].
  • The mechanics of the chest wall was studied in seven asthmatic patients before and during histamine-induced bronchoconstriction (B) [19].
  • During the second test, the workload profile was matched to that of the first test (66 watts and same exercise stages) and ventricular pacing rate was incremented via chest wall stimulation and reproduced exactly the heart rate profile of the first test in DDD mode [20].
  • These results confirm other studies of the vascular effects of halothane, and do not support the hypothesis that blood volume redistributes from the legs to within the chest wall during anaesthesia [21].
  • In this study, we have determined the effects of halothane on respiratory system, pulmonary and chest wall resistive, elastic and viscoelastic mechanical properties, and related the results to findings from lung histology in intact normal rats [22].

Anatomical context of Thoracic Wall

  • The effects of diaphragmatic breathing learning on chest wall motion, mechanical efficiency of the respiratory muscles, breathing pattern, and dyspnea sensation were studied in seven patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (FEV1 34 +/- 7% of the predicted value) during loaded and unloaded breathing [23].
  • It is concluded that: 1) in contrast to volatile anesthetic agents, ketamine anesthesia has a sparing effect on intercostal muscle activity, which may explain the maintenance of FRC; and 2) changes in chest wall geometry and compliance induced by anesthetic agents must be taken into account for NIM to be valid [24].
  • To protect the thoracic wall, an aluminium-lead disc is placed between the gland and the pectoralis muscle [25].
  • The macromolecular Gd-labeled dendrimer (a half-life of approximately 80 min) increased the signal-to-noise by 81 +/- 30% in the left ventricle, 43 +/- 22% in the lung periphery, and -4 +/- 5% in the chest wall, thus increasing the contrast of these structures relative to the less vascular surrounding tissues [26].
  • RESULTS: Sixteen of the 20 patients with clinically diagnosed costochondritis showed increased technetium uptake at all costochondral junctions bilaterally; six of them also had increased uptake elsewhere on the chest wall (sternum, manubrium, or first rib) [27].

Associations of Thoracic Wall with chemical compounds


Gene context of Thoracic Wall


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Thoracic Wall


  1. Malposition of a subclavian line. Resultant pleural effusions, interstitial pulmonary edema, and chest wall abscess during total parenteral nutrition. Oakes, D.D., Wilson, R.E. JAMA (1975) [Pubmed]
  2. Second malignancies in patients treated for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Kimball Dalton, V.M., Gelber, R.D., Li, F., Donnelly, M.J., Tarbell, N.J., Sallan, S.E. J. Clin. Oncol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  3. Immunohistochemical characteristics of human milk-fat globule antibodies in predicting chest wall and distant metastasis after mastectomy for localized cancer of the breast. Sterns, E.E., Fletcher, W.A., Zee, B. Ann. Surg. (1992) [Pubmed]
  4. Desmoid tumor with ossification in chest wall: possible involvement of BAMBI promoter hypermethylation in metaplastic bone formation. Kitazawa, S., Kitazawa, R., Obayashi, C., Yamamoto, T. J. Bone Miner. Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
  5. Noninvasive evaluation of retrograde conduction times to avoid pacemaker-mediated tachycardia. Greenspon, A.J., Greenberg, R.M. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. (1985) [Pubmed]
  6. Sleep patterns in nonambulatory boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Redding, G.J., Okamoto, G.A., Guthrie, R.D., Rollevson, D., Milstein, J.M. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation. (1985) [Pubmed]
  7. Influence of posture and sustained loss of lung volume on pulmonary function in awake asthmatic subjects. Ballard, R.D., Pak, J., White, D.P. Am. Rev. Respir. Dis. (1991) [Pubmed]
  8. Adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy in node-positive premenopausal women with breast cancer. Ragaz, J., Jackson, S.M., Le, N., Plenderleith, I.H., Spinelli, J.J., Basco, V.E., Wilson, K.S., Knowling, M.A., Coppin, C.M., Paradis, M., Coldman, A.J., Olivotto, I.A. N. Engl. J. Med. (1997) [Pubmed]
  9. Differences between black and white women with breast cancer in time from symptom recognition to medical consultation. Black/White Cancer Survival Study Group. Coates, R.J., Bransfield, D.D., Wesley, M., Hankey, B., Eley, J.W., Greenberg, R.S., Flanders, D., Hunter, C.P., Edwards, B.K., Forman, M. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. (1992) [Pubmed]
  10. Prognostic significance of the metastasis-inducing protein S100A4 (p9Ka) in human breast cancer. Rudland, P.S., Platt-Higgins, A., Renshaw, C., West, C.R., Winstanley, J.H., Robertson, L., Barraclough, R. Cancer Res. (2000) [Pubmed]
  11. In vivo enhancement of antitumor immunity by interleukin 2-rich lymphokines. O'Donnell, R.W., Marquis, D.M., Mudholkar, G.S., McCune, C.S. Cancer Res. (1986) [Pubmed]
  12. Comparison of monophasic with single and dual capacitor biphasic waveforms for nonthoracotomy canine internal defibrillation. Chapman, P.D., Vetter, J.W., Souza, J.J., Wetherbee, J.N., Troup, P.J. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. (1989) [Pubmed]
  13. Generalized urticaria to cyclophosphamide: Type I hypersensitivity to an immunosuppressive agent. Lakin, J.D., Cahill, R.A. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. (1976) [Pubmed]
  14. Gallium and thallium scintigraphy in pediatric peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor (Askin tumor) of the chest wall. Howman-Giles, R., Uren, R.F., Kellie, S.J. J. Nucl. Med. (1995) [Pubmed]
  15. Fentanyl-induced chest wall rigidity and laryngospasm in preterm and term infants. Fahnenstich, H., Steffan, J., Kau, N., Bartmann, P. Crit. Care Med. (2000) [Pubmed]
  16. Atelectasis and chest wall shape during halothane anesthesia. Warner, D.O., Warner, M.A., Ritman, E.L. Anesthesiology (1996) [Pubmed]
  17. Iridium 192 plesiocurietherapy using silicone elastomer plates for extensive locally recurrent breast cancer following chest wall irradiation. Delanian, S., Housset, M., Brunel, P., Rozec, C., Maulard, C., Huart, J., Baillet, F. Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys. (1992) [Pubmed]
  18. Tidal volume affects the response to inactivation of the rostral ventrolateral medulla. Cox, B.F., Brody, M.J. Hypertension (1988) [Pubmed]
  19. Chest wall hyperinflation during acute bronchoconstriction in asthma. Gorini, M., Iandelli, I., Misuri, G., Bertoli, F., Filippelli, M., Mancini, M., Duranti, R., Gigliotti, F., Scano, G. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. (1999) [Pubmed]
  20. Comparison of DDD and 'VVI-R like' pacing during moderate exercise: echo-Doppler study. Lascault, G., Frank, R., Iwa, T., Girodo, S., Fontaine, G., Grosgogeat, Y. Eur. Heart J. (1992) [Pubmed]
  21. Changes in blood volume distribution between legs and trunk during halothane anaesthesia. Drummond, G.B., Pye, D.W., Annan, F.J., Tothill, P. British journal of anaesthesia. (1995) [Pubmed]
  22. Effects of halothane on respiratory mechanics and lung histopathology in normal rats. Reta, G.S., Riva, J.A., Piriz, H., Medeiros, A.S., Rocco, P.R., Zin, W.A. British journal of anaesthesia. (2000) [Pubmed]
  23. Diaphragmatic breathing reduces efficiency of breathing in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Gosselink, R.A., Wagenaar, R.C., Rijswijk, H., Sargeant, A.J., Decramer, M.L. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. (1995) [Pubmed]
  24. Ventilatory pattern and chest wall mechanics during ketamine anesthesia in humans. Mankikian, B., Cantineau, J.P., Sartene, R., Clergue, F., Viars, P. Anesthesiology (1986) [Pubmed]
  25. A preliminary report of intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) in limited-stage breast cancers that are conservatively treated. Veronesi, U., Orecchia, R., Luini, A., Gatti, G., Intra, M., Zurrida, S., Ivaldi, G., Tosi, G., Ciocca, M., Tosoni, A., De Lucia, F. Eur. J. Cancer (2001) [Pubmed]
  26. Ventilation-synchronous magnetic resonance microscopy of pulmonary structure and ventilation in mice. Chen, B.T., Yordanov, A.T., Johnson, G.A. Magnetic resonance in medicine : official journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine / Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. (2005) [Pubmed]
  27. Can (99m)technetium methylene diphosphonate bone scans objectively document costochondritis? Mendelson, G., Mendelson, H., Horowitz, S.F., Goldfarb, C.R., Zumoff, B. Chest (1997) [Pubmed]
  28. Is prolactin secreted ectopically? Molitch, M.E., Schwartz, S., Mukherji, B. Am. J. Med. (1981) [Pubmed]
  29. Liposomal doxorubicin in conjunction with reirradiation and local hyperthermia treatment in recurrent breast cancer: a phase I/II trial. Kouloulias, V.E., Dardoufas, C.E., Kouvaris, J.R., Gennatas, C.S., Polyzos, A.K., Gogas, H.J., Sandilos, P.H., Uzunoglu, N.K., Malas, E.G., Vlahos, L.J. Clin. Cancer Res. (2002) [Pubmed]
  30. The transdermal administration of fentanyl in the treatment of postoperative pain: pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamic effects. Gourlay, G.K., Kowalski, S.R., Plummer, J.L., Cherry, D.A., Gaukroger, P., Cousins, M.J. Pain (1989) [Pubmed]
  31. Primary lung cancer staging: prospective comparative study of MR imaging with CT. Musset, D., Grenier, P., Carette, M.F., Frija, G., Hauuy, M.P., Desbleds, M.T., Girard, P., Bigot, J.M., Lallemand, D. Radiology. (1986) [Pubmed]
  32. Radiosensitization of normal tissue by chloroquine. Utley, J.F., Sachatello, C.R., Maruyama, Y., Avila, J., King, R. Radiology. (1977) [Pubmed]
  33. Cyclooxygenase-2 expression in postmastectomy chest wall relapse. Kim, J.H., Bossuyt, V., Ponn, T., Lannin, D., Haffty, B.G. Clin. Cancer Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
  34. Undifferentiated spindle-cell sarcoma of the chest wall with vascular endothelial growth factor expression: report of a case. Iyoda, A., Hiroshima, K., Yusa, T., Tsukamoto, Y., Toyozaki, T., Fujisawa, T., Ohwada, H. Surgery today. (2000) [Pubmed]
  35. C-erb-B2 (HER2/neu) expression in synovial sarcoma of the head and neck. Olsen, R.J., Lydiatt, W.M., Koepsell, S.A., Lydiatt, D., Johansson, S.L., Naumann, S., Bridge, J.A., Neff, J.R., Hinrichs, S.H., Tarantolo, S.R. Head & neck. (2005) [Pubmed]
  36. Triptans induce vasoconstriction of human arteries and veins from the thoracic wall. Wackenfors, A., Jarvius, M., Ingemansson, R., Edvinsson, L., Malmsjö, M. J. Cardiovasc. Pharmacol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  37. Combined chemotherapy and radiotherapy for patients with breast cancer and extensive nodal involvement. Ung, O., Langlands, A.O., Barraclough, B., Boyages, J. J. Clin. Oncol. (1995) [Pubmed]
  38. Flt3 ligand antitumor activity in a murine breast cancer model: a comparison with granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and a potential mechanism of action. Braun, S.E., Chen, K., Blazar, B.R., Orchard, P.J., Sledge, G., Robertson, M.J., Broxmeyer, H.E., Cornetta, K. Hum. Gene Ther. (1999) [Pubmed]
  39. Prevalence and characteristics of post coronary artery bypass graft surgery pain (PCP). Eisenberg, E., Pultorak, Y., Pud, D., Bar-El, Y. Pain (2001) [Pubmed]
  40. Analysis of cause-specific failure endpoints using simple proportions: an example from a randomized controlled clinical trial in early breast cancer. Panzarella, T., Meakin, J.W. Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys. (1998) [Pubmed]
  41. Effect of neuromuscular blockade on the elastic properties of the lungs, thorax, and total respiratory system in anesthetized pigs. Putensen, C., León, M.A., Putensen-Himmer, G. Crit. Care Med. (1994) [Pubmed]
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