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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hypothyroxinemia of prematurity and infant neurodevelopment: a pilot study.

To assess whether hypothyroxinemia has specific effects on neurodevelopment in premature infants, thyroid hormone levels were determined at 2 weeks of life and 40 weeks postconceptional age (PCA), and infants were evaluated at 3 months corrected age using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development and Early Infancy Temperament Questionnaire. Additional attention scales were derived from the factor analysis of relevant Bayley items. Fifteen infants born between 30 and 35 weeks and 21 full-term infants were studied. Results indicated no group differences on the Bayley or derived attention scales, whereas the temperament questionnaire revealed lower sensory thresholds and greater reactivity in the preterm group. The preterm group had normal thyroxine (T4) levels at 2 weeks of age, which declined by 40 weeks PCA for both free T4 (p < .01 for reference value and p < .0001 for gestational age-adjusted value) and total T4 (p < .05 for age-adjusted value). Correlations revealed that higher 40-week PCA free T4 levels were associated with better attentiveness ratings (p < .01 for reference and p < .0001 for gestational-age values) and sustained attention (p < .05) and higher 40-week total T4 with better motor skills (p < .05 for gestational-age value). These findings signify that a mild degree of hypothyroxinemia is evident in preterm infants without neurological risk and predicts subsequently poorer cognitive and motor abilities.[1]


  1. Hypothyroxinemia of prematurity and infant neurodevelopment: a pilot study. Ishaik, G., Asztalos, E., Perlman, K., Newton, S., Frisk, V., Rovet, J. Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics : JDBP. (2000) [Pubmed]
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