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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Contribution of nitrosobenzene to splenic toxicity of aniline.

To elucidate the mechanism(s) of splenic toxicity of aniline, studies were conducted with nitrosobenzene (NB), an N-oxidized metabolite of aniline. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were given 0.025, 0.05, 0.1, or 0.2 mmol/kg/d of NB in 0.5 ml of 0.25% agar by gavage for 4 d; control rats received the vehicle only. Animals were euthanized at 24 h following the last dose. NB treatment resulted in decreased erythrocyte counts, whereas methemoglobin content increased at 0.1- and 0.2-mmol/kg doses. Spleen weight to body weight ratios were greater by 55 and 81% at O.1- and 0.2-mmol/kg NB doses, respectively. Total iron content in the spleens of NB-treated rats showed dose-dependent significant increases, and the nonheme iron followed a similar pattern. Splenic lipid peroxidation showed a dose-dependent response and was greater by 19, 56, 74, and 85% at the 4 doses, respectively. Malondialdehyde (MDA)-protein adducts, as quantitated by a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), were markedly greater in all the NB-treated groups, with the highest increase of 248% at 0.2 mmol/kg. Furthermore, NB exposure also resulted in greater protein oxidation (carbonyl content) in the spleens at 0.1- and 0.2-mmol/kg doses. These results suggest that NB is a splenotoxin and therefore can contribute to the splenic toxicity of aniline. Results of this study further support our earlier findings that oxidative stress is a potential mechanism in the splenotoxicity of aniline.[1]


  1. Contribution of nitrosobenzene to splenic toxicity of aniline. Khan, M.F., Wu, X., Ansari, G.A. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Part A (2000) [Pubmed]
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