The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 Vpr-mediated G(2) cell cycle arrest: Vpr interferes with cell cycle signaling cascades by interacting with the B subunit of serine/threonine protein phosphatase 2A.

The Vpr protein of primate lentiviruses arrests cell cycling at the G(2)/M phase through an inactivation of cyclin B-p34(cdc2) and its upstream regulator cdc25. We provide here biochemical and functional evidence demonstrating that human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Vpr mediates G(2) arrest by forming a complex with protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), an upstream regulator of cdc25. Vpr associates with PP2A through a specific interaction with the B55 regulatory subunit. This interaction is necessary but not sufficient for G(2) arrest. Interestingly, we found that Vpr association with B55-containing PP2A targets the enzymatic complex to the nucleus and, importantly, enhances the recruitment and dephosphorylation of the cdc25 substrate. Our data suggest that Vpr mediates G(2) arrest by enhancing the nuclear import of PP2A and by positively modulating its catalytic activity towards active phosphorylated nuclear cdc25.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities