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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Differential requirement of the cytoplasmic subregions of gamma c chain in T cell development and function.

The common cytokine receptor gamma chain (gammac), a shared component of the receptors for IL-2, IL-4, IL-7, IL-9, and IL-15, is critical for the development and function of lymphocytes. The cytoplasmic domain of gammac consists of 85 aa, in which the carboxyl-terminal 48 aa are essential for its interaction with and activation of the Janus kinase, Jak3. Evidence has been provided that Jak3-independent signals might be transmitted via the residual membrane-proximal region; however, its role in vivo remains totally unknown. In the present study, we expressed mutant forms of gammac, which lack either most of the cytoplasmic domain or only the membrane-distal Jak3-binding region, on a gammac null background. We demonstrate that, unlike gammac or Jak3 null mice, expression of the latter, but not the former mutant, restores T lymphopoiesis in vivo, accompanied by strong expression of Bcl-2. On the other hand, the in vitro functions of the restored T cells still remained impaired. These results not only reveal the hitherto unknown role of the gammac membrane-proximal region, but also suggest the differential requirement of the cytoplasmic subregions of gammac in T cell development and function.[1]


  1. Differential requirement of the cytoplasmic subregions of gamma c chain in T cell development and function. Tsujino, S., Di Santo, J.P., Takaoka, A., McKernan, T.L., Noguchi, S., Taya, C., Yonekawa, H., Saito, T., Taniguchi, T., Fujii, H. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2000) [Pubmed]
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