The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Amino acid selectivity in the aminoacylation of coenzyme A and RNA minihelices by aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases.

Coenzyme A (CoA-SH), a cofactor in carboxyl group activation reactions, carries out a function in nonribosomal peptide synthesis that is analogous to the function of tRNA in ribosomal protein synthesis. The amino acid selectivity in the synthesis of aminoacyl-thioesters by nonribosomal peptide synthetases is relaxed, whereas the amino acid selectivity in the synthesis of aminoacyl-tRNA by aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases is restricted. Here I show that isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase aminoacylates CoA-SH with valine, leucine, threonine, alanine, and serine in addition to isoleucine. Valyl-tRNA synthetase catalyzes aminoacylations of CoA-SH with valine, threonine, alanine, serine, and isoleucine. Lysyl-tRNA synthetase aminoacylates CoA-SH with lysine, leucine, threonine, alanine, valine, and isoleucine. Thus, isoleucyl-, valyl-, and lysyl-tRNA synthetases behave as aminoacyl-S-CoA synthetases with relaxed amino acid selectivity. In contrast, RNA minihelices comprised of the acceptor-TpsiC helix of tRNA(Ile) or tRNA(Val) were aminoacylated by cognate synthetases selectively with isoleucine or valine, respectively. These and other data support a hypothesis that the present day aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases originated from ancestral forms that were involved in noncoded thioester-dependent peptide synthesis, functionally similar to the present day nonribosomal peptide synthetases.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities