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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

IkappaBbeta-related proteins in normal and transformed colonic epithelial cells.

The transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) regulates genes that can influence cell proliferation, apoptosis, and inflammatory responses. Since these events can contribute to carcinogenesis, we examined the expression of NF-kappaB inhibitory proteins (IkappaBs) in normal and transformed colonic epithelial cells. Immunohistochemical analysis of the mouse colon revealed a high level of IkappaBbeta expression in epithelial cells relative to the rest of the tissue, whereas IkappaBalpha was found primarily in cells of the lamina propria. Mouse colon tumors showed a similar cell-specific staining pattern. Immunoblot analysis of IkappaBbeta from mouse colonocytes and the human HT-29 colon cancer cell line indicated that most of the IkappaBbeta in these cells was similar to the C-terminal-truncated IkappaBbeta2 isoform. Cell fractionation studies were consistent with IkappaBbeta being a major regulator of p65- p50 NF-kappaB complexes in HT-29 cells. Interestingly, two larger proteins specifically recognized by IkappaBbeta antibodies (p106 and p112) were found in HT-29 cells and in colon tissue of carcinogen-exposed mice. The p106 and p112 proteins bound to NF-kappaB, and their levels changed during the transient interleukin-1beta activation of NF-kappaB in HT-29 cells. Evidence was obtained indicating that p106 and p112 are stably ubiquitinated forms of IkappaBbeta. We propose that deficiencies in the proteasomal degradation of IkappaBbeta lead to p106 and p112 accumulation, which in turn alter NF-kappaB regulation in colon cancer cells.[1]


  1. IkappaBbeta-related proteins in normal and transformed colonic epithelial cells. Inan, M.S., Place, R., Tolmacheva, V., Wang, Q.S., Hubbard, A.K., Rosenberg, D.W., Giardina, C. Mol. Carcinog. (2000) [Pubmed]
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