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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ischaemia induces changes in the association of the binding protein 4E-BP1 and eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF) 4G to eIF4E in differentiated PC12 cells.

Ischaemia was obtained in vitro by subjecting nerve-growth-factor-differentiated PC12 cells to glucose deprivation plus anoxia. During ischaemia the rate of protein synthesis was significantly inhibited, and eIF4E-binding protein (4E-BP1) and eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) were significantly dephosphorylated in parallel. In addition, ischaemia induced an enhancement of the association of 4E-BP1 to eIF4E, which in turn decreased eIF4F formation, whereas no degradation of initiation factor 4G was observed. The treatment of PC12 cells with the specific p38 mitogen- activated protein kinase inhibitor SB203580 induced eIF4E dephosphorylation but did not cause any effect on protein synthesis rate. Rapamycin, the inhibitor of mammalian target of rapamycin ('mTOR'), but not PD98059, the inhibitor of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases ('ERK1/2'), induced similar effects on 4E-BP1 phosphorylation to ischaemia; nevertheless, 4E-BP1-eIF4E complex levels were higher in ischaemia than in rapamycin-treated cells. In addition, both protein synthesis rate and eIF4F formation were lower in ischaemic cells than in rapamycin-treated cells.[1]


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