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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

In vivo regulation of syndecan-3 expression in the rat uterus by 17 beta-estradiol.

The immature rat uterus has been extensively used as an in vivo model system to study the molecular mechanisms of steroid hormone actions. In this study, we demonstrated the regulated expression of syndecan-3 in the rat uterus by the steroid hormone 17 beta-estradiol. Administration of a single physiological dose of 17 beta-estradiol (40 microg/kg) to ovariectomized immature animals induced a rapid and transient increase in uterine syndecan-3 mRNA. Transcript levels reached a peak elevation of 3-fold above saline control tissues 4 h after hormone administration. Inhibition of message up-regulation by actinomycin D but not cycloheximide indicated a hormone response dependent on RNA transcription but not new protein synthesis. The estrogenic ligands estriol and tamoxifen were also effective at raising syndecan-3 mRNA levels; however, nonestrogenic ligands, including progesterone, 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone, and dexamethasone, failed to stimulate a change in mRNA levels. Hormone-induced changes in mRNA led to transient changes in syndecan-3 protein content and significant alteration in the temporal and spatial expression in endometrial epithelial cells. Collectively, these data show that the steroid hormone 17 beta-estradiol, regulates transcription of the syndecan-3 gene in the uterus via an estrogen receptor-dependent mechanism. This estrogen-regulated expression of syndecan-3 may play an important role in changes in tissue ultrastructure crucial for proper uterine growth.[1]


  1. In vivo regulation of syndecan-3 expression in the rat uterus by 17 beta-estradiol. Russo, L.A., Calabro, S.P., Filler, T.A., Carey, D.J., Gardner, R.M. J. Biol. Chem. (2001) [Pubmed]
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