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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Two-year follow-up of the microfilaraemia of asymptomatic brugian filariasis, after treatment with two, annual, single doses of ivermectin, diethylcarbamazine and albendazole, in various combinations.

Repeated, single, oral doses of combinations of ivermectin, diethylcarbamazine (DEC) or albendazole are recognized as important tools for parasite control in lymphatic filariasis. In order to assess the effects of re-treatment using these combinations in Brugia malayi infections, 40 asymptomatic microfilaraemics were re-treated at the end of the first year, with an additional, single, dose of the combination they had previously received. They were then followed-up for another year. The subjects, of both sexes and aged 14-70 years, each received a two-drug combination: ivermectin (200 micrograms/kg) with DEC (6 mg/kg); ivermectin (200 micrograms/kg) with albendazole (400 mg); or DEC (6 mg/kg) with albendazole (400 mg). The kinetics of microfilarial clearance were similar to that seen during the first treatment, the members of the two groups given DEC having less intense microfilaraemias, 1 year after the re-treatment, than those given ivermectin with albendazole (P < 0.001 for each comparison). At this time, the two DEC groups also had a higher proportion of amicrofilaraemic individuals (22 of 26) than the ivermectin + albendazole group (three of nine). There were fewer adverse reactions in all the groups after re-treatment than seen after the first treatment. In countries such as India, where there is no co-endemicity of onchocerciasis or loiasis, the options for control programmes in areas where brugian filariasis is endemic are DEC alone or DEC in combination with ivermectin or albendazole. Where there is no access to ivermectin, transmission control must be based on DEC alone or in combination with albendazole.[1]


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