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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Pancreatic secretory response to feeding in the calf: CCK-A receptors, but not CCK-B/gastrin receptors are involved.

In bovine species, as in human, the pancreas predominantly expresses cholecystokinin-B (CCK-B)/gastrin receptors. However, the role of this receptor in the regulation of meal-stimulated pancreatic enzyme release has not been determined. In milk-fed calves, we previously described prandial patterns of exocrine pancreatic secretion and a long prefeeding phase was observed. The present study was aimed at determining both the role of external stimuli in the outset of the prefeeding phase and the implication of pancreatic CCK-A and CCK-B/gastrin receptors in the mediation of pancreatic response to feeding. The first objective was studied by suppressing external stimuli associated with food intake (unexpected meal) and the second by infusing highly specific and potent antagonists of CCK-A (SR 27897) and CCK-B/gastrin (PD 135158) receptors during the prandial period. When calves were given an unexpected meal, the long prefeeding increase in pancreatic secretion was absent. SR 27897 (but not PD 135158) inhibited the preprandial phase and greatly reduced postprandial pancreatic juice and enzyme outflows. The expectancy of a meal seemed to elicit an increased pancreatic response right before a meal and CCK-A receptors may mediate this information via neural pathways. The implication of CCK and CCK-A receptors in mediating the postfeeding pancreatic response was also demonstrated. The participation of CCK-B/gastrin receptors in this regulation was not demonstrated.[1]


  1. Pancreatic secretory response to feeding in the calf: CCK-A receptors, but not CCK-B/gastrin receptors are involved. Le Dréan, G., Le Huërou-Luron, I., Gestin, M., Romé, V., Bernard, C., Chayvialle, J.A., Fourmy, D., Guilloteau, P. Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol. (2000) [Pubmed]
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