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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Dual-probe pH monitoring for the assessment of gastroesophageal reflux in the course of chronic hoarseness in children.

The purpose of our study was to assess gastroesophageal reflux ( GER) by dual-probe pH monitoring in children suffering from chronic hoarseness for more than six months. Seventeen children (aged between 2 and 12 years, 10 boys and 7 girls) were enrolled. All children underwent a laryngoscopy and a 24-hour dual-probe pH monitoring. At both sensor, distal and proximal esophageal, a pathological GER was defined as the presence of episodes of acid reflux with pH < 4 during a fraction of the total recording time greater than 5.2 percent. The computer considered the child was supine when asleep and upright when awake. Laryngoscopy revealed interarytenoid erythema and/or edema with vocal cord nodules or granulomas in 13 cases (76.4%), isolated vocal nodules or granulomas in three cases (17.6%) and a normal appearance in one case (5.8%). At both sensors, the majority of refluxes occurred when the child was upright, as analyzed by the percentage of time the intra-esophageal pH was below four (% time pH < 4), number of refluxes, reflux episodes/hour and longest reflux episode, p < 0.05 between upright and supine for each parameter. The median total % time pH < 4 on the proximal and distal probes was respectively 1.62 percent (95% CI 1.50-3.79) and 11.49 percent (95% CI 8.81-27.17), p < 0.0003. Among the 17 hoarse children, a pathological GER was observed in 12 (70.5%) at the distal sensor and in three (17.5%) at both sensors. Among the 16 hoarse children with abnormal findings on laryngoscopy, two (12.5%) had diagnosed pathological GER at the proximal and 11 (68.7%) at the distal sensor. The only child with normal findings on laryngoscopy exhibited a pathological GER at both sensors. Our results suggest that chronic hoarseness is associated with a pathological GER. The majority of these documented refluxes occurred when the child was awake.[1]


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