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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Endothelin-1-induced contraction of mesenteric small arteries is mediated by ryanodine receptor Ca2+ channels and cyclic ADP-ribose.

Contraction of vascular smooth muscle by endothelin-1 is dependent on extracellular and intracellular Ca2+. However, the role of ryanodine-sensitive Ca2+ stores in endothelin-1-induced contraction is unknown. Vascular contraction was measured in mesenteric small arteries (200-300 microm intraluminal diameter) isolated from Sprague-Dawley rats and maintained at a constant intraluminal pressure of 40 mm Hg. The presence of functional ryanodine receptor Ca2+ release channels (RyRC) was demonstrated by the finding that ryanodine (10 microM), which locks the RyRC in a subconductance state, produced significant contraction of small arteries in the presence of 15 mM KCl. This effect was inhibited by dantrolene (10 microM), a RyRC inhibitor. Dantrolene significantly reduced the ET(A) receptor-mediated contraction to endothelin-1 (10(-11)-10(-9) M). The ability of dantrolene to reverse contraction induced by endothelin-1 was also determined. Dantrolene (1-10 microM) produced concentration-dependent relaxation of vessels precontracted to 38+/-3% of resting diameter with endothelin-1 but had no effect in vessels precontracted to a similar degree with phenylephrine or KCl. Because activation of RyRC may be dependent on production of cyclic ADP-ribose, the effect of nicotinamide (2 mM), an inhibitor of ADP-ribosyl cyclase, on contraction to endothelin-1 was determined. Nicotinamide had an inhibitory effect similar to that produced by dantrolene. A combination of nicotinamide and dantrolene had no greater effect than either agent alone, suggesting a common pathway for cyclic ADP-ribose and RyRC. In summary, endothelin-1 induces contraction of small mesenteric arteries through ET(A) receptor-mediated production of cyclic ADP-ribose and activation of RyRC.[1]


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