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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Cysteinyl leukotrienes are involved in angiotensin II-induced contraction of aorta from spontaneously hypertensive rats.

OBJECTIVE: Non specific lipoxygenase inhibitors have been reported to reduce the in vitro constrictor response and the in vivo pressor effect of angiotensin II in rats. The aim of this study was to assess the role of cysteinyl leukotrienes, in the vascular response to angiotensin II in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). METHODS: Rings of thoracic aorta from SHR and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) were compared in terms of contractile responses and release of cysteinyl leukotrienes in response to angiotensin II. RESULTS: Pretreatment with the specific 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor AA861 10 microM reduced the efficacy of angiotensin II in intact and endothelium-denuded aorta from SHR (% inhibition vs. control: 65+/-12.6% with endothelium (n=6), P<0.05; 43+/-7.2% without endothelium (n=6), P<0.05) but not in aorta from WKY. In addition, in aorta from SHR, the CysLT(1) receptor antagonist MK571 1 microM reduced by 55+/-6.1% (n=6, P<0.05) the contractile effects of angiotensin II in rings with endothelium but not in endothelium-denuded rings. Angiotensin II induced a 8.6+/-2.1-fold increase in cysteinyl leukotriene production in aorta rings from SHR with endothelium which was prevented by the AT(1) receptor antagonist losartan 1 microM but not by the AT(2) receptor antagonist PD123319 0.1 microM. In aorta rings from WKY, cysteinyl leukotriene production remained unchanged after exposition to angiotensin II. The cysteinyl leukotrienes (up to 0.1 microM) induced contractions in aorta rings from SHR but not from WKY. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that cysteinyl leukotrienes, acting at least in part on endothelial CysLT(1) receptors, are involved in the contractile response to angiotensin II in isolated aorta from SHR but not from WKY.[1]

References

  1. Cysteinyl leukotrienes are involved in angiotensin II-induced contraction of aorta from spontaneously hypertensive rats. Stanke-Labesque, F., Devillier, P., Veitl, S., Caron, F., Cracowski, J.L., Bessard, G. Cardiovasc. Res. (2001) [Pubmed]
 
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