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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A3 adenosine receptor activation triggers phosphorylation of protein kinase B and protects rat basophilic leukemia 2H3 mast cells from apoptosis.

Adenosine accumulates to high levels in inflamed or ischemic tissues and activates A3 adenosine receptors (ARs) on mast cells to trigger degranulation. Here we show that stimulation of rat basophilic leukemia (RBL)-2H3 mast-like cells with the A3 AR agonists N6-(3-iodo)benzyl-5'-N-methylcarboxamidodoadenosine (IB-MECA; 10 nM) or inosine (10 microM) stimulates phosphorylation of protein kinase B (Akt). IB-MECA (1 microM) also causes a >50% reduction in apoptosis caused by exposure of RBL-2H3 cells to UV light. Akt phosphorylation is not stimulated by 100 nM N6-cyclopentyladenosine (A1-selective) or CGS21680 (A2A-selective) and is absent in cells pretreated with wortmannin or pertussis toxin. The KI values of the AR antagonists BW-1433 and 8-sulfophenyltheophylline (8-SPT) were determined in radioligand binding assays for all four subtypes of rat ARs: BW-1433 (A1, 5.8 +/- 1.0 nM; A2A, 240 +/- 37; A2B, 30 +/- 10; A3, 12,300 +/- 3, 700); 8-SPT (A1, 3.2 +/- 1.2 microM; A2A, 57 +/- 4; A2), 2.2 +/- 0.8; A3, >100). BW-1433 and the A3-selective antagonist MRS1523 (5 microM), but not 8-SPT (100 microM), block IB-MECA-induced protection from apoptosis, confirming the A3 AR as the mediator of the antiapoptotic response. The data suggest that adenosine and inosine activate Gi-coupled A3 ARs to protect mast cells from apoptosis by a pathway involving the betagamma subunits of Gi, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase beta, and Akt. We speculate that activation of A3 ARs on mast cells or other cells that express A3 ARs (e.g., eosinophils) may facilitate their survival and accumulation in inflamed tissues.[1]


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