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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Evidence for RAD51L1/HMGIC fusion in the pathogenesis of uterine leiomyoma.

Chromosome rearrangements involving 12q15 are frequently observed in a variety of human mesenchymal tumors. The high mobility group protein gene HMGIC has been identified as the target involved in these rearrangements. Uterine leiomyomas frequently use chromosome band 14q24 as a translocation partner to HMGIC. Recent studies within the chromosome 14 breakpoint region in cell lines carrying t(12;14)(q15;q23-24) revealed that RAD51L1, a member of the RAD51 recombination gene family, is the HMGIC partner. Using RT-PCR, we screened a panel of 81 uterine leiomyomas removed from 30 women for rearrangement between RAD51L1 and HMGIC. This is the first molecular analysis in which primary tumors have been examined for the RAD51L1/HMGIC transcripts. The chimeric transcripts were identified from two cases in which exon 7 of the RAD51L1 gene is fused in frame to either exon 2 or exon 3 of the HMGIC gene. These transcripts encode fusion proteins containing RAD51L1 nucleotide binding domains and the HMGIC protein lacking the N-terminal AT hook motifs. The detection of the RAD51L1/HMGIC fusion in primary tumors adds to the accumulating evidence implicating this fusion in a proportion of uterine leiomyoma patients.[1]


  1. Evidence for RAD51L1/HMGIC fusion in the pathogenesis of uterine leiomyoma. Takahashi, T., Nagai, N., Oda, H., Ohama, K., Kamada, N., Miyagawa, K. Genes Chromosomes Cancer (2001) [Pubmed]
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