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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Flexible meal-related dosing with repaglinide facilitates glycemic control in therapy-naive type 2 diabetes.

OBJECTIVE: This double-blind randomized placebo-controlled parallel group study assessed the efficacy and safety (with particular regard to body weight and hypoglycemia) of repaglinide when used in a flexible mealtime dosing regimen in a situation close to everyday clinical practice. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 408 patients with type 2 diabetes considered poorly controlled by diet, but without a history of previous antidiabetic medication, were randomized to receive 0.5 mg repaglinide at mealtimes (increased to 1 mg after 4 weeks depending on blood glucose response) or placebo for 16 weeks. Patients were free to choose a flexible meal pattern, adjusting the dosing schedule from two to four preprandial doses per day in accordance with a "one meal, one dose; no meal, no dose" principle. Additional snacks were not a requirement of the treatment schedule. RESULTS: Treatment with repaglinide significantly improved glycemic control with respect to baseline and placebo, reducing HbA1c by 1.14% from baseline and fasting plasma glucose by 1.8 mmol/l. Improvement in glycemic control was independent of the meal pattern adopted by patients, including those most commonly taking two or four meals daily, with no correlation between meal pattern and risk of hypoglycemia. The improvement in glycemic control was also independent of degree of obesity and age < or =65 or >65 years. There was no significant body weight increase in the repaglinide group. CONCLUSIONS: Mealtime dosing with repaglinide is effective in improving overall glycemic control in type 2 diabetic patients for which control is suboptimal using diet alone. Patients are able to vary their meal pattern from a conventional regimen of three meals daily without compromising control or increasing the risk of adverse events.[1]


  1. Flexible meal-related dosing with repaglinide facilitates glycemic control in therapy-naive type 2 diabetes. Moses, R.G., Gomis, R., Frandsen, K.B., Schlienger, J.L., Dedov, I. Diabetes Care (2001) [Pubmed]
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