The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Methylene blue reduces lung fluid filtration during the early phase of endotoxemia in awake sheep.

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether methylene blue (MB), an inhibitor of soluble guanylate cyclase and nitric oxide synthase, alters lung hemodynamics and fluid filtration after endotoxin in sheep. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled experimental study with repeated measurements. SETTING: University animal laboratory. SUBJECTS: Eight yearling, awake sheep. INTERVENTIONS: Sheep were instrumented for a chronic study with vascular and lung lymph catheters. In two experiments, separated by 1 wk of recovery, the animals received intravenously either an injection of MB 10 mg/kg or a corresponding volume of 0.9% sodium chloride as pretreatment. Thirty minutes later, sheep received a bolus injection of Escherichia coli endotoxin 1 microg/kg, followed by either an infusion of MB 2.5 mg/kg/hr or a corresponding volume of 0.9% sodium chloride for 5 hrs. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: MB decreased the early phase endotoxin-induced rises in pulmonary capillary pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance. MB also reduced the increments in lung lymph flow (QL) and protein clearance (CL) as well as the rightward shift of the permeability-surface area product (PS). In addition, MB diminished the decrease in cardiac output, stabilized mean arterial pressure, and precluded the rise in plasma and lung lymph cyclic guanosine 3'-5' monophosphate. However, during the late phase, MB-treated sheep presented with a faster rise in QL with no difference in CL and PS from the endotoxemic controls. CONCLUSIONS: During the early phase of endotoxemia in sheep, MB attenuates lung injury by decreasing the enhanced lung fluid filtration as a result of reduced pulmonary capillary pressure and permeability. However, MB does not counteract the late phase increase in lung fluid filtration.[1]


  1. Methylene blue reduces lung fluid filtration during the early phase of endotoxemia in awake sheep. Evgenov, O.V., Sager, G., Bjertnaes, L.J. Crit. Care Med. (2001) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities