The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Activin A and activin receptors in thyroid cancer.

Proliferation is controlled by a network of mitogenic and growth inhibitory factors. Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) and activin A are the most important growth inhibitors of benign follicular epithelial cells of the human thyroid. The effects of these substances on malignant primary thyrocytes are not known. We have examined the growth regulatory effects of activin A and TGF-beta1 in primary cultures derived from four papillary cancers, two follicular thyroid cancers, and three benign thyroid tissues. Malignant cells demonstrated resistance to activin and TGF-beta1 or reversal to a weak but significant mitogenic effect (p < 0.001). We also evaluated the activin receptor transcription pattern. Isoforms alk4-1, 4-2, and 4-3 were found in benign (n = 12) and malignant (n = 22) tissues. Two subtypes of type I and type II activin receptors were demonstrated. Semiquantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) demonstrated a significant threefold downregulation of alk4-1 receptors in papillary (n = 25) and follicular (n = 18) thyroid cancers as compared to normal thyroids (n = 12) (p < 0.001). To our knowledge these are the first data to demonstrate reversal of activin and TGF-beta1 effects in thyroid malignancy and to demonstrate changes of the type Ib activin receptor expression in thyroid malignancy.[1]


  1. Activin A and activin receptors in thyroid cancer. Schulte, K.M., Jonas, C., Krebs, R., Röher, H.D. Thyroid (2001) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities