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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Distinct kinetics of carnitine palmitoyltransferase i in contact sites and outer membranes of rat liver mitochondria.

Carnitine palmitoyltransferase I (CPT I) of rat liver mitochondria is an integral, polytopic protein of the outer membrane that is enriched at contact sites. As CPT I kinetics are highly dependent on its membrane environment, we have measured the kinetic parameters of CPT I present in rat liver submitochondrial membrane fractions enriched in either outer membrane or contact sites. The K(m) for palmitoyl-CoA was 2.4-fold higher for CPT I in outer membranes than that for the enzyme in contact sites. In addition, whereas in contact sites malonyl-CoA behaved as a competitive inhibitor of CPT I with respect to palmitoyl-CoA, in outer membranes malonyl-CoA inhibition was non-competitive. As a result of the combination of these changes, the IC(50) for malonyl-CoA was severalfold higher for CPT I in contact sites than for the enzyme in bulk outer membrane. The K(i) for malonyl-CoA, the K(m) for carnitine, and the catalytic constant of the enzyme were all unaffected. It is concluded that the different membrane environments in outer membranes and contact sites result in an altered conformation of L-CPT I that specifically affects the long-chain acyl-CoA binding site. The accompanying changes in the kinetics of the enzyme provide an additional potent mechanism for the regulation of L-CPT I activity.[1]


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